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Flashcards in Ch 14 Deck (68):
0

What law created tension between the federal and state governments prior to the civil war?

The fugitive slave law

1

Who proposed the compromise of 1850?

Henry Clay

2

What triggered the need for the compromise of 1850?

The gold rush, California petitions for statehood

3

What did the compromise of 1850 entail?

1) California admitted as a free state
2) Slave trade in DC abolished
3) stricter fugitive slave law

4

Initially, what were the chances of The Compromise of 1850 passing ?

Bad

5

What did president Taylor think of the compromise of 1850?

He opposed it

6

Who became president once president taylor died?

Millard Filmore

7

What did President Millard Filmore think about the Compromise of 1850?

He supported it

8

Who helped pass the Compromise of 1850?

Stephen Douglas

9

How did Stephen Douglas help pass the Compromise of 1850?

He broke it up into smaller bills

10

What was John C. Calhouns position on the Compromise of 1850?

He spoke against it

11

Who wrote "Uncle Toms Cabin" ?

Harriet Beecher Stowe

12

What was the greatest affect of the success of Uncle Toms Cabin?

It brought slavery north

13

What party was dominated by the working class and was anti immigrant?

The Know Nothing's

14

What was the know nothing party also known as?

The American Party

15

Why did the know nothing party fear Catholics?

Belief that Catholics may be more loyal to the pope than to the US

16

In the Election of 1852, who was the Democratic candidate?

Franklin Pierce

17

In the election on 1852, who was the Whig candidate?

General Whinfield Scott

18

In the Election of 1852, who was the free soil candidate?

John Hale

19

In the Election of 1852, what went against Franklin Pierce?

His support for a stronger fugitive slave law

20

What was General Whinfeild Scott's view in slavery?

Anti-slavery

21

Who won the election of 1852?

Franklin Pierce

22

Who proposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act?

Stephen Douglas

23

What were Stephen Douglas's goals in proposing the Kansas-Nebraska act?

1) Try to encourage more people to settle out west
2) Open the way for the building of a trans continental railroad
3) Gain popularity in hopes of one day being president

24

Belief that the people of a territory should be able to decide the fate of slavery

Popular sovereignty

25

Who coined the term popular sovereignty?

Lewis Cass

26

What was the anti slavery Capitol established in Kansas?

Lawrance

27

What was the pro slavery Capitol established in Kansas

Lecompton

28

Who led the anti slavery efforts in Kansas?

John Brown

29

Where did John Brown lead his counter attack?

Pottawatomie creek

30

What Massachusetts congressman was almost beat to death in congress?

Charles Sumner

31

Who almost beat Charles sumner to death?

Preston Brooks

32

Where was Preston Brooks from?

South Carolina

33

What did the Kansas Nebraska Act lead to?

The growth if the Republican Party in the north

34

What were the republicans stand on slavery?

They didn't want the spread of slavery

35

Who was the democrat candidate in the election of 1856?

James Buchanan

36

Who was the republican candidate in the election of 1856?

John C Freemont

37

Who was the Whig candidate in the election of 1856?

Millard Fillmore

38

Who won the election of 1856?

James Buchanan

39

This slave sued for his freedom after spending extended periods if time in the north

Dress Scott

40

What did the Dred Scott decision say?

-all blacks could never be citizens, therefore they couldn't sue in federal court
- federal gov could not outlaw slavery in territories

41

Who participated in famous debates for a spot in a senate seat?

Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas

42

What did Douglas accuse Lincoln of being?

An abolitionist

43

What did Lincoln accuse of Douglas of?

Wanting to spread slavery through popular sovereignty

44

What did Douglas sad that became known the Freeport Doctrine?

No matter what the court ruled, a territory could keep slavery out by simply not regulating it

45

John Brown lead an attack on what federal arsenal?

Harpers Ferry

46

What river did John Brown lead his men along in an attempt to capture Harpers Ferry?

Potomac river

47

Why did John Browns attack fail?

He didn't find salves that wanted to help

48

Who was called in to stop John Brown?

Colonel Robert E Lee

49

What happened to John Brown?

He was captured and executed

50

Who was the Republican candidate in the election if 1860?

Abraham Lincoln

51

Who was the Northern Democratic candidate in 1860?

Stephen Douglas

52

Who was the Souther Democratic candidate in the election of 1860?

John C Breckinridge

53

Who was the constitutional union candidate in 1860?

John Bell

54

What were some things endorsed on the republican platform during the election 1860?

-keep slavery from spreading
-protective tariffs
-internal improvements
-free homesteads
-transcontinental railroad

55

Who proposed the Crittenden Compromise? (The last effort to save the union)

Senator John Crittenden of Kentucky

56

What did the Crittenden compromise try to do?

Extend the Missouri compromise line all the way to the Pacific Ocean
-slavery could never be disallowed in those states

57

Did the Crittenden compromise ever pass congress?

No

58

Who lead succession?

South Carolina

59

Where did the first shots of the civil war take place?

Fort Sumter

60

Who bombarded fort Sumter?

Confederates

61

Where was fort Sumter located

Mouth of Charleston Harbor, South Carolina

62

Why did Lincoln refuse to send reinforcements to fort Sumter?

He didn't want It to look like he had started the war

63

How did the battle of fort Sumter end?

Truce; federal troops were allowed to leave north and the confederates took over the fort

64

Who proposed the Wilmot proviso?

David Wilmot

65

What did the Wilmot proviso do?

It banned slavery in any land acquired from Mexico

66

Why we're northern democrats upset with Polk?

He had persued obtaining Mexican territory instead of getting Oregon

67

What was another name for popular sovereignty?

Squatter sovereignty