Flashcards in Ch 14 Deck (68):
What law created tension between the federal and state governments prior to the civil war?
The fugitive slave law
Who proposed the compromise of 1850?
What triggered the need for the compromise of 1850?
The gold rush, California petitions for statehood
What did the compromise of 1850 entail?
1) California admitted as a free state
2) Slave trade in DC abolished
3) stricter fugitive slave law
Initially, what were the chances of The Compromise of 1850 passing ?
What did president Taylor think of the compromise of 1850?
He opposed it
Who became president once president taylor died?
What did President Millard Filmore think about the Compromise of 1850?
He supported it
Who helped pass the Compromise of 1850?
How did Stephen Douglas help pass the Compromise of 1850?
He broke it up into smaller bills
What was John C. Calhouns position on the Compromise of 1850?
He spoke against it
Who wrote "Uncle Toms Cabin" ?
Harriet Beecher Stowe
What was the greatest affect of the success of Uncle Toms Cabin?
It brought slavery north
What party was dominated by the working class and was anti immigrant?
The Know Nothing's
What was the know nothing party also known as?
The American Party
Why did the know nothing party fear Catholics?
Belief that Catholics may be more loyal to the pope than to the US
In the Election of 1852, who was the Democratic candidate?
In the election on 1852, who was the Whig candidate?
General Whinfield Scott
In the Election of 1852, who was the free soil candidate?
In the Election of 1852, what went against Franklin Pierce?
His support for a stronger fugitive slave law
What was General Whinfeild Scott's view in slavery?
Who won the election of 1852?
Who proposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
What were Stephen Douglas's goals in proposing the Kansas-Nebraska act?
1) Try to encourage more people to settle out west
2) Open the way for the building of a trans continental railroad
3) Gain popularity in hopes of one day being president
Belief that the people of a territory should be able to decide the fate of slavery
Who coined the term popular sovereignty?
What was the anti slavery Capitol established in Kansas?
What was the pro slavery Capitol established in Kansas
Who led the anti slavery efforts in Kansas?
Where did John Brown lead his counter attack?
What Massachusetts congressman was almost beat to death in congress?
Who almost beat Charles sumner to death?
Where was Preston Brooks from?
What did the Kansas Nebraska Act lead to?
The growth if the Republican Party in the north
What were the republicans stand on slavery?
They didn't want the spread of slavery
Who was the democrat candidate in the election of 1856?
Who was the republican candidate in the election of 1856?
John C Freemont
Who was the Whig candidate in the election of 1856?
Who won the election of 1856?
This slave sued for his freedom after spending extended periods if time in the north
What did the Dred Scott decision say?
-all blacks could never be citizens, therefore they couldn't sue in federal court
- federal gov could not outlaw slavery in territories
Who participated in famous debates for a spot in a senate seat?
Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas
What did Douglas accuse Lincoln of being?
What did Lincoln accuse of Douglas of?
Wanting to spread slavery through popular sovereignty
What did Douglas sad that became known the Freeport Doctrine?
No matter what the court ruled, a territory could keep slavery out by simply not regulating it
John Brown lead an attack on what federal arsenal?
What river did John Brown lead his men along in an attempt to capture Harpers Ferry?
Why did John Browns attack fail?
He didn't find salves that wanted to help
Who was called in to stop John Brown?
Colonel Robert E Lee
What happened to John Brown?
He was captured and executed
Who was the Republican candidate in the election if 1860?
Who was the Northern Democratic candidate in 1860?
Who was the Souther Democratic candidate in the election of 1860?
John C Breckinridge
Who was the constitutional union candidate in 1860?
What were some things endorsed on the republican platform during the election 1860?
-keep slavery from spreading
Who proposed the Crittenden Compromise? (The last effort to save the union)
Senator John Crittenden of Kentucky
What did the Crittenden compromise try to do?
Extend the Missouri compromise line all the way to the Pacific Ocean
-slavery could never be disallowed in those states
Did the Crittenden compromise ever pass congress?
Who lead succession?
Where did the first shots of the civil war take place?
Who bombarded fort Sumter?
Where was fort Sumter located
Mouth of Charleston Harbor, South Carolina
Why did Lincoln refuse to send reinforcements to fort Sumter?
He didn't want It to look like he had started the war
How did the battle of fort Sumter end?
Truce; federal troops were allowed to leave north and the confederates took over the fort
Who proposed the Wilmot proviso?
What did the Wilmot proviso do?
It banned slavery in any land acquired from Mexico
Why we're northern democrats upset with Polk?
He had persued obtaining Mexican territory instead of getting Oregon