Ch 29-30 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 29-30 Deck (196):
0

What was the nickname given to the 50's?

Happy days

1

In the common suburban family, the father was usually a __________

Veteran of WW2

2

This enabled veterans to receive low interest loans for housing or furthering their college education

G-i bill of rights

3

Office or sales jobs were also known as ___________

White collar jobs

4

Roughly 1/3 of the population in the 50's lived in the _________

Suburbs

5

The most famous suburb was called __________

Levittown

6

Who built Levittown?

William Levitt

7

Where was the first Levittown created?

Long Island

8

Levitt used the idea of the __________ to rapidly build homes and suburbs

Assembly line

9

Life in the suburbs focused on ___________

Family, community, church, and school

10

Housing construction and car production were large contributors to the ___________

Post war boom

11

Even though times were prosperous, families still dealt with large _________

Debt

12

Family life in the 50's was characterized by a feeling of ____________

Togetherness

13

Why was there a large baby boom in the 50's?

Soldiers returning from the war were ready to settle down, get married, and start a family

14

Gas during the 50's was _______

Cheap

15

This act created the highway system we have today, it was the largest project the federal government ever took part in

Interstate highway act

16

Who proposed the interstate highway act?

Eisenhower

17

These were a group of people who challenged conformity in literature and poetry,

Beatniks

18

Who was the most famous beatnik?

Jack Kerouac

19

What was the name of Jack Kerouac's book that was controversial because of its vulgar language and use of drugs?

On the Road

20

She led the feminist movement in the 50's and 60's..

Betty Frudain

21

What was the name of Betty Fruidans book?

The Feminine Mystique

22

People called Rock and a Roll __________

The devils music

23

Who was the most famous rock and roll musician to emerge in this era?

Elvis Presley

24

This was the first satellite to orbit earth; it was launched by the Soviet Union in 1957

Sputnik

25

Why did the launch of Sputnik scare Americans?

It gave the Soviet Union greater potential to launch missiles

26

What did congress create in response to Sputnik?

NASA

27

What does NASA stand for?

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

28

What did congress promote in schools as a result of Sputnik?

Better math and science programs; going to college

29

What year did the US land the first man on the moon?

1969

30

Whose goal was it to get a man on the moon?

JFK

31

Who did Truman defeat in the election of 1948?

Thomas Dewey

32

This was Truman's attempt to piggy back off of FDR's new deal programs

Fair Deal

33

Why was Truman's Fair Deal never successful?

He ran up against Republicans and Democrats who thought he was biting off more than he could chew

34

Truman's fair deal involved what?

Health insurance, education, and fair employment standards

35

Although Truman's fair deal never was implemented it ________________ for future legislation

Laid the groundwork

36

What two Fair deal programs got passed by congress?

-increasing minimum wage to $0.75
-expanding social security

37

Who was the republican president from 1953-1961?

Eisenhower

38

Eisenhower took in the ideal of _______________, he was conservative on money but liberal on people

Modern republicanism

39

What did Eisenhower do about the New Deal programs left from FDR's and Truman's presidencies?

He kept them

40

After WW2, there was a renewed struggle for _____________

Civil rights

41

What factors sparked the renewed spirit for civil rights?

-The Cold War
-Poor living conditions in the south
-Although African Americans benefited economically from the war, they still lagged socially and politically

42

Truman tried to issue ___________ legislation but it was never passed by congress

Civil rights

43

What did Truman desegregate in 1948 through executive force?

Armed forces

44

What little black girl wanted to go to school to A white school for its safety and closer distance from her home?

Linda Brown

45

This famous Supreme Court case ended the separate but equal clause established by Plessy v Ferguson

Brown vs Board of Education

46

Who brought forth Brown v Board of Education to the supreme court?

Thurgood Marshall and the NAACP

47

Thurgood Marshall went on to be the first black ___________

Supreme Court Justice

48

9 African American students famously attempted to enroll and attend an all white school in __________

Little Rock Arkansas

49

Governor of Arkansas, __________, called on the national guard to keep the students of little rock from attending

Orville Faubus

50

What did Eisenhower do about the situation in Little Rock?

He sent paratroopers to escort the students to class

51

Who refused to give up her spot on a bus in Montgomery Alabama?

Rosa Parks

52

Rosa Parks sparked a year long ________ of the bus system

Boycott

53

What did the Supreme Court do as a result of the Montgomery Bus Boycott?

They ruled to desegregate the busses in Montgomery

54

Where did 4 college students famously sit in at a segregated counter?

Greensborough North Carolina

55

What famous civil rights leader emerged from The Montgomery Bus Boycott?

Martin Luther King Jr

56

What famous civil rights organization did MLKJ help lead?

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

57

This civil rights organization provided a way for younger people to get involved in the movement

Student Non-Violent Coordination Committee (SNCC)

58

Who was the doctrine of Civil Disobedience modeled after ?

Henry David Thoreau

59

Who did MLKJ model is ideas of non-violent protest after?

Ghandi

60

Because of the baby boom, Levittown was nicknamed __________ and __________

Fertility Valley and Rabbit Hutch

61

William Levitt went on to build two more Levittown's in ___________ and ____________

Pennsylvania and New Jersey

62

The Levittown's were ________ communities

Diverse

63

What group was rigidly excluded form Levittown's?

African Americans

64

Who led the second red scare?

Joseph McCarthy

65

What major factors contributed to postwar prosperity?

-demand for consumer goods
- Cold War

66

How did the Cold War boost prosperity?

-Marshall Plan and other similar programs helped boost export trade
- the Korean War helped turnover a brief recession
- national defense spending

67

Which areas benefited the most from the postwar boom?

The sunbelt areas of the south and west

68

Which areas struggled the most after the war?

New England

69

Why did the Plains not prosper much?

Low prices on crops

70

Economic growth ________ towards the second half of the 50's

Slowed

71

Suburban life was dependent on ________

Cars

72

During the 50's, people ___________ from their extended family

Grew apart

73

An increase in young kids led to a need for ____________ in schools

Federal aid

74

During the 50's people attending college ____________

Increased

75

What was the name of the first US satellite sent into space?

The explorer

76

Who did Eisenhower appoint as the assistant for science and technology?

James R Killian

77

What Astronaut flew around the globe in 5 hours?

John Glenn

78

This act authorized federal funding of science and foreign language programs in schools and colleges

National Defense Education Act

79

Who was the democratic candidate in the election of 1956?

Stevenson

80

Who was the republican candidate in the election of 1956?

Eisenhower

81

Who was JFK's father?

Joseph Kennedy

82

What did Joseph Kennedy serve as?

Ambassador to England

83

Why was the role of Kennedy's father controversial?

His father had agreed to the appeasement of Hitler at Munich

84

What college did JFK graduate from?

Harvard

85

What branch of the military did JFK enter? What war did he fight in?

Navy, WW2

86

JFK was the __________ appointed president

Youngest

87

What religion did JFK practice?

Catholicism

88

Who was the wife of JFK?

Jacqueline Kennedy

89

The nationally televised debates vs ________ helped Kennedy win the election

Nixon

90

How did JFK win the votes of African Americans?

He had is brother attempt to get MLKJ out of jail

91

Who served as VP under JFK?

Lyndon B Johnson

92

Kennedy's __________ was composed of things he wanted to focus on during his presidency

New Frontier

93

What did JFK's New Frontier deal with?

Education, health care, and civil rights

94

What did JFK increase the minimum wage to?

$1.25

95

Why did JFK have trouble passing some of his new frontier programs?

He was unable to break the conservative wing of congress (northern republicans and southern democrats)

96

In 1963, Kennedy proposes a $13.5 billion __________ bill

Tax reduction

97

JFK funded projects to create ______

Jobs

98

Where did most of JFK's spending to to?

Space program

99

What mission landed a man on the moon?

Apollo mission

100

JFK was ____ to move on civil rights

Slow

101

Why was JFK slow to move on civil rights?

He wanted to keep the votes of the southern democrats

102

Eventually, what opened up the eyes of JFK to increase his fight for civil rights?

The violence in Birmingham

103

JFK made high level African American __________ in government jobs

Appointments

104

JFK created the ________ which allowed high schoolers to volunteer two years after graduation in a developing country

Peace corpse

105

Where was JFK visiting when he was assassinated?

Dallas Texas

106

Who was the gunman who shot JFK?

Lee Harvey Oswald

107

This was issued by chief justice Earl aware and said that Oswald was the sole culprit in the assassination of Kennedy

Warren Report

108

What was JFK's top priority from the moment he entered office?

Foreign policy

109

Why was JFK critical of Eisenhower?

He decreased defense spending

110

JFK wanted to move the US away from the old policy of _________

Massive retaliation

111

Who was JFK's appointed Secretary of Defense?

Robert McNamara

112

What did Kennedy and McNamara use to diversify the ways the US responded to crises around the world?

Flexible Response

113

The new Flexible Response involved creating the __________

The Green Berets

114

The US had previously had a good relationship with the Cuban government led by _________

Batista

115

Who overthrew the Batista regime in Cuba?

Fidel Castro

116

Who did Castro get aid from?

Soviets

117

Castro declared he would turn Cuba into a ___________ government

Communist

118

Who was the Soviet leader at the time?

Nikita Khrushchev

119

How long did it take for the US to take action after the announced alliance of the Soviets and Cuba?

Not very long

120

This was a failed CIA mission to topple the Castro regime

The bay of pigs

121

The Bay of Pugs operation was meant to start an uprising of ________ to take down the government.

Locals

122

Why did Khrushchev create a wall in berlin?

To stop the flow of talent and brains to the west

123

Who was president when the Berlin Wall fell?

George Bush

124

In October of 1962, a U2 spy plane took pictures of ______________ in Cuba

Missile sites

125

At first, what did Khrushchev say about the sites?

He denied them publically

126

What did JFK and his advisors decide to do about the missile situation in Cuba?

Quarantine them

127

A _________ was put in place from Russian to DC so leaders could contact each other in time of crises

Hotline

128

What were the conditions for Khrushchev to take the missiles out of Cuba?

- US must never invade Cuba
- US must agree to remove missiles from turkey

129

Vietnam was a _______ colony

French

130

JFK used his flexible response to send __________ advisors to Vietnam to aid and train them

Advisors

131

The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), encouraged citizens to test the new law to desegregate buses. These bus rides became known as ________

Freedom rides

132

What was the most hate filled segregated city in the United States?

Birmingham

133

What did MLKJ nickname Birmingham because of the inequality and violence?

Bombingham

134

Who was the racist Police Chief of Birmingham?

Eugene Bull Conner

135

In kings famous ___________________, he promised to make civil rights a national ordeal

Letters from Birmingham jail

136

Who led the March on Washington?

MLKJ

137

What was the march on Washington in protest of?

Unfair employment and discrimination

138

The March on Washington commemorated the 100 year anniversary of the _____________

Emancipation Proclamation

139

In front of what monument did King give his famous 'I Have a Dream' speech?

Lincoln Memorial

140

Lyndon B Johnson used his ___________ to get the votes he needed

Johnson treatment

141

LJB was more __________ thank JFK

Persistent

142

Who signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

Lyndon B Johnson

143

What did the Civil Rights Act do?

-Made segregation illegal
-Created an Equal Opportunity Employment Commission

144

Who ran for the democrats in 1964?

Lyndon B Johnson

145

What did LBJ campaign for in 1964?

Civil Rights and to fight the war on poverty

146

Who did LBJ run against in the election of 1964?

Barry Goldwater

147

This act banned literacy tests and provided for federal registrars to help African Americans vote

Voting Rights act of 1965

148

This was LBJ's social pieced of legislation aimed at fighting the war on poverty; included programs for basic necessities

The great society

149

This program allowed kids to go to preschool

Headstart

150

These were the health insurance programs passed by LBJ's administration

Medicare and Medicaid

151

What new department did LBJ add to the cabinet?

US department of Housing and Urban Development

152

This program issued by Johnson provided job training for high school dropouts

Job corpse

153

Federal spending _______ during LBJ's presidency

Increased

154

What happened to Johnson's great society as the war escalated?

Massive budget cuts were made to fund Vietnam

155

The counter culture movement of the 60's challenged _________

Conformity

156

What Mexican American leader created the National Farm Workers Association?

Cesar Chavez.

157

This was a militant style Civil Rights group that came into prominence in 60's

The Black Panthers

158

Who led the Black Panthers?

Huey Newton, Bobby Seale

159

Who took over the SNCC and turned it into a more militant style group?

Stockely Charmichale

160

What was the title of Kennedy's published book of speeches?

The strategy of peace

161

JFK and Khrushchev tried to work out the Berlin crises in ______

Vienna

162

This program offered economic aid for Latin American countries

Alliance for progress

163

Who was the leader of Southern Vietnam

Nao Dinh Diem

164

Who led communist vietnam?

Ho Chi Minh

165

What was the communist military also called?

Viet Con

166

Who was appointed JFK's Attorney General?

Robbert Kennedy

167

Who led the Supreme Courts change from its conservatory ways?

Earl Warren

168

Who did JFK appoint to the Supreme Court giving them a liberal advantage?

Arthur Goldberg

169

This Supreme Court decision said that if you cannot get a lawyer one will be appointed to you

Gideon vs wainwright

170

This Supreme Court decision ruled that you could not be interrogated without defense council present

Escobedo vs Illinois

171

This Supreme Court decision ruled that you have to be read your rights at the time of arrest

Miranda vs Arizona

172

Supreme Court case that ruled that Tennessee had to redistribute their legislative seats to give citizens equal representation

Baker v Carr

173

This Supreme Court case banned school prayer

Engel vs Vitale

174

North Vietnamese torpedo boats attacked what American ship in the Golf of Tonkin?

The Maddox

175

What other ship did the US sent of Vietnam as a result of the attack on the Maddox?

C. turner Joy

176

What did Johnson do about the Golf of Tonkin affair?

He ordered air strikes in N.V

177

What did a Johnson ask congress as a result of the Golf of Tonkin affair?

Authority to take all war measures necessary

178

What was the political result of the Golf of Tonkin Affair?

It began the downfall of LBJ

179

This was the site of a Vietcong attack on an American base that took nine lives

Pleiku

180

LBJ used Pleiku as an excuse to do what?

Order bombardment of N.V targets

181

In 1965, what did LBJ authorize for the war?

American combat troops

182

Who was the American General in Vietnam?

William Westmoreland

183

The first student rebellion happened at _________

UC Berkely

184

Who led the free speech movement at Berkley?

Mario Savio

185

This was a radical student group that wanted to get rid of poverty, racism, and violence

Students for a democratic society

186

This was a Vietcong attack on the south that greatly stirred public opinion away from the war

Tet offensive

187

Was the US and S.V successful in stopping the tet offensive?

Yes

188

The tet offensive was the __________ of Vietnam

Turning point

189

This democratic Minnesotan senator challenged LBJ for his nomination

Eugene McCarthey

190

Senator of NY, __________ also fought for the democratic nomination in the election of 1968

Robert Kennedy

191

Who assassinated Robert Kennedy?

Sirham, Sirham

192

Who entered the presidential race from a third party?

George C Wallis

193

Who did George C Wallis run for?

American Independent Party

194

Who was George Wallis?

Racist governor of Alabama

195

Who won the election of 1968?

Nixon