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Flashcards in Ch 25 Deck (72):
0

The 1920 census marked the first time that....

a majority of people lived in urban areas

1

The popularity of the car led to the creation of ______

Suburbs

2

These were young women that took on new promiscuous fashions; they often drank, smoke, and gambled

Flappers

3

This was a more conservative and christian way of life

Rural life

4

Who struggled most during the 20's?

Farmers

5

Why did farmers struggle?

They increased production during WWI to feed soldiers, however after the war, there was a decline in demand

6

This was a trial surrounding the debate about teaching of evolutionary theory in schools?

Scopes trial

7

What was the scopes trial nicknamed?

Monkey trial

8

What teacher was accused of teaching evolutionary theory?

John T Scopes

9

Where was John T Scopes from?

Tennessee

10

Who was the prosecuting attorney in the Scopes trial?

William Jennings Bryan

11

Who was Scope's defense attorney during the Scopes trial?

Clarence Darrow

12

What was the ruling of the Scopes trial?

Scopes was found guilty, but it was overturned on a technicality

13

Why did prohibition gain momentum during WWI?

In an attempt to preserve grains and sugar

14

What was the result of prohibition?

People had disrespect for the law, drank illegal and smuggled alcohol

15

This were illegal bars

Speakeasys

16

They made lots of money selling illegal alcohol

Mobs and gangsters

17

He was the most famous gangster/bootlegger

Al Capone

18

Where was Al Capone from?

Chicago

19

What was Al Capone convicted of?

Tax Evasion

20

Where was Al Capone sent to prison?

Alcatraz

21

What amendment repealed the 18th amendment, making it lawful to drink

21st amendment

22

Characterized by the fear of the spread of communism

The Red Scare

23

What sparked the red scare?

The Russian Revolution

24

Who instilled communism in Russia?

Lenin

25

The Red Scare caused the limitation of __________ and _________

Unions and Immigrants

26

Why were unions limited?

They became synonymous with communism, union leaders feared organizing unskilled laborers

27

During the 1920's union membership ________

Dropped

28

Who led the assault on alien and radical threat?

US Attorney General A Mitchell Palmer

29

These were two Italian immigrants accused of robbery and murder in Massachusetts. They were sentenced to death even though evidence was circumstantial

Sacco and Vanzetti

30

This anti African American group regained membership during the 1920's

Klu Klux Klan

31

Who won the election of 1920?

Warren G Harding

32

Harding looked to turn away from the ___________

Progressive age

33

What party did Harding belong to?

Republicans

34

Who was Harding Secretary of Treasury; he oversaw the business boom

Andrew Mellon

35

Hardings friends within his presidential cabinet that caused corruption and trouble for Harding

Ohio gang

36

Who was Hardings secretary of interior?

Albert B Fall

37

This involved Albert B Fall illegally leasing oil fields to private companies

Teapot Dome Scandal

38

What was did Harding want as far as foreign affairs?

Isolationism

39

Why did Harding peruse a policy of isolationism?

He didn't want to get involved with other countries problems and get dragged into war

40

This tariff returned to the old republican idea of high protective tariffs, it kept out foreign goods to stimulate US industry

Fordney Mccumber Tariff, 1922

41

What was Hardings policy as far as immigration went?

Limit immigration

42

This act limited the number of immigrants that could enter the US at once, it was based off of the percent of an ethic population that had lived here before

National Origins Act

43

Who did the National Origins act predominantly aim to restrict?

Southern and Eastern Europeans

44

Who did the National Origins Act not apply to?

Mexicans

45

Harding fostered a strong ________ feeling

Nativist

46

Who was Hardings Vice President; he became President after the death of Harding

Calvin Coolidge

47

What was Coolidge's nickname?

Silent Cal

48

What did Coolidge do regarding Hardings Isolationist and pro business policies?

He continued them

49

This tried to limit the chance of future wars; it was an agreement that nations who signed it wouldn't use war as a means of diplomacy

Kellogg Brand Pact

50

What was the outcome of the Kellogg Briand Pact?

It was tough to enforce and didn't have the outcome that Coolidge had hoped for

51

Who won the election of 1924?

Coolidge was re-elected

52

Who was the republican candidate in the election of 1928?

Herbert Hoover

53

Who was the democratic candidate in the election if 1928?

Alfred E Smith

54

What was the biggest difference between the two candidates in the election of 1928?

Prohibition

55

What was Herbert Hoovers stance on prohibition?

He wanted to continue it

56

What was Smiths stance on prohibition?

He was against it

57

Who easily won the election of 1928?

Herbert Hoover

58

Who became the first person to successfully fly across the Atlantic?

Charles Lindberg

59

What plane did Charles Lindberg fly across the Atlantic?

The Spirit of St Louis

60

She was a famous aviator who attempted an around the world flight, but was lost somewhere in the Pacific

Amelia Earhart

61

She swam across the English Channel?

Gertrude Ederle

62

Famous Notre Dame football coach

Knute Rockne

63

Famous boxer

Jack Dempsey

64

Famous Yankees baseball player

Babe Ruth

65

Who was the most prominent author during the 1920's

Ernest Hemingway

66

What did authors in this era frequently write about?

Rapidly changing life in the us

67

What did many authors frown upon?

Materialism

68

This symbolized growing African American Influence by literature and the arts

Harlem Renaissance

69

These were two famous black poets

Langston Hughes and Claude McKay

70

Factory that started Fords mass production

Highland Park

71

Mass production was perfected in Fords ______ factory

River Rouge