Flashcards in Ch 25 Deck (72):
The 1920 census marked the first time that....
a majority of people lived in urban areas
The popularity of the car led to the creation of ______
These were young women that took on new promiscuous fashions; they often drank, smoke, and gambled
This was a more conservative and christian way of life
Who struggled most during the 20's?
Why did farmers struggle?
They increased production during WWI to feed soldiers, however after the war, there was a decline in demand
This was a trial surrounding the debate about teaching of evolutionary theory in schools?
What was the scopes trial nicknamed?
What teacher was accused of teaching evolutionary theory?
John T Scopes
Where was John T Scopes from?
Who was the prosecuting attorney in the Scopes trial?
William Jennings Bryan
Who was Scope's defense attorney during the Scopes trial?
What was the ruling of the Scopes trial?
Scopes was found guilty, but it was overturned on a technicality
Why did prohibition gain momentum during WWI?
In an attempt to preserve grains and sugar
What was the result of prohibition?
People had disrespect for the law, drank illegal and smuggled alcohol
This were illegal bars
They made lots of money selling illegal alcohol
Mobs and gangsters
He was the most famous gangster/bootlegger
Where was Al Capone from?
What was Al Capone convicted of?
Where was Al Capone sent to prison?
What amendment repealed the 18th amendment, making it lawful to drink
Characterized by the fear of the spread of communism
The Red Scare
What sparked the red scare?
The Russian Revolution
Who instilled communism in Russia?
The Red Scare caused the limitation of __________ and _________
Unions and Immigrants
Why were unions limited?
They became synonymous with communism, union leaders feared organizing unskilled laborers
During the 1920's union membership ________
Who led the assault on alien and radical threat?
US Attorney General A Mitchell Palmer
These were two Italian immigrants accused of robbery and murder in Massachusetts. They were sentenced to death even though evidence was circumstantial
Sacco and Vanzetti
This anti African American group regained membership during the 1920's
Klu Klux Klan
Who won the election of 1920?
Warren G Harding
Harding looked to turn away from the ___________
What party did Harding belong to?
Who was Harding Secretary of Treasury; he oversaw the business boom
Hardings friends within his presidential cabinet that caused corruption and trouble for Harding
Who was Hardings secretary of interior?
Albert B Fall
This involved Albert B Fall illegally leasing oil fields to private companies
Teapot Dome Scandal
What was did Harding want as far as foreign affairs?
Why did Harding peruse a policy of isolationism?
He didn't want to get involved with other countries problems and get dragged into war
This tariff returned to the old republican idea of high protective tariffs, it kept out foreign goods to stimulate US industry
Fordney Mccumber Tariff, 1922
What was Hardings policy as far as immigration went?
This act limited the number of immigrants that could enter the US at once, it was based off of the percent of an ethic population that had lived here before
National Origins Act
Who did the National Origins act predominantly aim to restrict?
Southern and Eastern Europeans
Who did the National Origins Act not apply to?
Harding fostered a strong ________ feeling
Who was Hardings Vice President; he became President after the death of Harding
What was Coolidge's nickname?
What did Coolidge do regarding Hardings Isolationist and pro business policies?
He continued them
This tried to limit the chance of future wars; it was an agreement that nations who signed it wouldn't use war as a means of diplomacy
Kellogg Brand Pact
What was the outcome of the Kellogg Briand Pact?
It was tough to enforce and didn't have the outcome that Coolidge had hoped for
Who won the election of 1924?
Coolidge was re-elected
Who was the republican candidate in the election of 1928?
Who was the democratic candidate in the election if 1928?
Alfred E Smith
What was the biggest difference between the two candidates in the election of 1928?
What was Herbert Hoovers stance on prohibition?
He wanted to continue it
What was Smiths stance on prohibition?
He was against it
Who easily won the election of 1928?
Who became the first person to successfully fly across the Atlantic?
What plane did Charles Lindberg fly across the Atlantic?
The Spirit of St Louis
She was a famous aviator who attempted an around the world flight, but was lost somewhere in the Pacific
She swam across the English Channel?
Famous Notre Dame football coach
Famous Yankees baseball player
Who was the most prominent author during the 1920's
What did authors in this era frequently write about?
Rapidly changing life in the us
What did many authors frown upon?
This symbolized growing African American Influence by literature and the arts
These were two famous black poets
Langston Hughes and Claude McKay
Factory that started Fords mass production