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Flashcards in Ch 23 Deck (86):
0

This movement exemplified people moving away from social Darwinism, people tried to giver more aid to the urban poor

Social justice movement

1

This union worked for prohibition

Women's Christian Temperance Union

2

Which amendment to the constitution outlawed sale of liquor?

18th amendment

3

What was the 18th amendment nicknamed?

Volstead act

4

Who headed the National American Suffrage Association?

Carrie Chapman Catt

5

Which amendment allowed for women's suffrage?

19th amendment

6

What was the 19th amendment nicknamed?

Anthony amendment

7

This act limited child labor

Keating Owen act

8

What court case overturned the Keating Owen Act by saying child labor should be left to the states

Hammer V Daghenhart

9

Who led the education movement?

John Dewey

10

Who ran for President on the Socialist ticket in 1900, 1904, and 1908?

Eugene Debs

11

Why did the socialist movement never gain much strength?

It was too radical, wanted to overthrow capitalism

12

Which amendment allowed for direct election of senators?

17the amendment

13

The progressive era saw a _________ in popular politics

Decline

14

This governer was famous for his "Wisconsin idea"

Robert M.La Follette

15

Teddy Roosevelt used his _________ to get his point across

Bully pulpit

16

What did roosevelt think about the Sherman anti trust act?

He tried to defend it

17

Roosevelt tried to take legal action against his company in 1902, he brought up an anti trust lawsuit against them and the Supreme Court ruled to have the company dissolved

Norther security company

18

This was when Roosevelt sided with Pennsylvania miners in a dispute over labor unions and shorter hours

Square deal

19

This act did away with railroad rebates and increased the interstate commerce commissions power to regulate by placing telephone and telegraph companies under its power

Mann Elkins act

20

This act strengthened ICC ratemaking policies and increased its application to oil pipelines and other services

Hepburn Act

21

Who won the election of 1904?

Roosevelt

22

This act established sanitary regulations in the meat packing industry

Meat inspection act

23

This act required that business list ingredients of what went into products

Pure food and drug act

24

He was chief of the Forrest service and a conservationist, he wanted to institute a wise use of nations resources

Gifford Pinchot

25

William Howard Taft pushed for ______ tariffs

Lower

26

Taft favored ____ competition

Free

27

Who was Taft more likely to support when it came to labor disputes?

Business leaders

28

What was tarts opinion on unions?

He stood against them

29

What was their a split in the Republican Part over?

Tariffs

30

The protectionist/conservative wing wanted _____ tariffs

Higher

31

The progressive wing wanted _______ tariffs

Lower

32

This act set rates higher than proposed by the house but lower than previous tariffs

Payne Aldrich act

33

Who was Tafts secretary of interior?

Richard Ballinger

34

This involved Richard Ballinger attempting to sell some land that Gifford Pinchot had withdrawn to save for conservationist

Ballinger Pinchot Affair

35

What did Taft do when Pinchot complained about Ballinger?

Fired him

36

Who was the republican candidate in the election of 1912?

Taft

37

Who ran for the progressive party in 1912?

Roosevelt

38

What was the progressive party's nickname?

Bull moose party

39

This was Roosevelts plan saying that the government should get involved in big business

New nationalism

40

Who ran for the democrats in 1912?

Woodrow Wilson

41

This was Woodrow Wilson's belief of free economy and less government restraint on big business

New freedom

42

Who won the election of 1912?

Wilson

43

This bill cut tariff rates by 15%

Underwood tariff

44

What did the underwood tariff also provide for to make up for revenue?

Graduated income tax

45

Which amendment allowed for a graduated income tax

16 amendment

46

This was the greatest measure passed by Woodrow Wilson, it reformed the banking system by establishing a stable yet flexible currency

Federal reserve act

47

Lower rates meant _____ money in circulation

More

48

Higher rates meant ______ money in circulation

Limited

49

This act passed during Wilson's presidency strengthened the Sherman anti trust act

Clayton anti trust act

50

What did the Clayton anti trust act say about unions?

That they were not conspiracies

51

The Clayton anti trust act outlawed __________

Court injunctions

52

She turned attention to work related illness

Dr Alice Hamilton

53

This act prohibited the transportation of women for immoral purposes

Mann act

54

Who was the president of the general federation of women's clubs?

Sarah P Decker

55

This radical women's union picketed the White House in 1917

Congressional Union

56

Who founded the congressional union?

Alice Paul and Lucy Burns

57

What was the original argument for women's suffrage?

Voting was a natural right

58

What the the argument for women's suffrage change to?

Women would use their votes to better society

59

This doctrine said that people shaped their environment and were shaped by it

Pragmatism

60

Who created the doctrine of pragmatism?

William James

61

This movement related law to social reform

Sociological jurisprudence

62

This judge from Denver Colorado was known as the kids judge

Ben Lindsey

63

This allowed voters rather than parties to choose candidates for office

Direct primaries

64

This city pioneered the commission form of government

Galveston Texas

65

This was knows as the countries best governed cities

Cleveland

66

In order to democratize the government, progressives backed what 3 measures?

The initiative, the referendum, the recall

67

This allowed voters to propose new laws

The initiative

68

This allowed voters to accept or reject a law at the ballot box

The referendum

69

This gave voters a way to remove an official from office

The recall

70

What position did Taft serve as on Roosevelt's cabinet?

Sec of war

71

What labor union was involved in the square deal?

United mine workers

72

Who led the united mine workers?

John Mitchell

73

Who ran for the democrats in the election of 1904?

Alton B Parker

74

Who was the republican candidate in the election of 1908?

Taft

75

Who was the democratic candidate in the election of 1908?

William Jennings Bryan

76

Who was Tafts Vice President?

James J Sherman

77

Taft started his term with an attempt to curb the power of the speaker of the house _________ who had been dictating legislation

Joseph "Uncle Joe" Cannon

78

Who did Wilson name to the Supreme Court in 1916?

Brandeis

79

This imposed an 8 hour day on interstate railways and established a federal commission to investigate the railroad problems

Adamson act

80

Created an expert commission to recommend tariff rates

Tariff commission act

81

Boosted the income tax and furthered tax reform

Revenue act of 1916

82

Who won the election of 1916?

Wilson

83

This court case set the precedent for protective labor laws and expanded the definition of legal evidence

Muller vs Oregon

84

He was known as the peoples attorney

Louis D Brandeis

85

A brief including only two pages of traditional legal evidence and 115 pages on women's health

Brandeis brief