Flashcards in Ch 23 Deck (86):
This movement exemplified people moving away from social Darwinism, people tried to giver more aid to the urban poor
Social justice movement
This union worked for prohibition
Women's Christian Temperance Union
Which amendment to the constitution outlawed sale of liquor?
What was the 18th amendment nicknamed?
Who headed the National American Suffrage Association?
Carrie Chapman Catt
Which amendment allowed for women's suffrage?
What was the 19th amendment nicknamed?
This act limited child labor
Keating Owen act
What court case overturned the Keating Owen Act by saying child labor should be left to the states
Hammer V Daghenhart
Who led the education movement?
Who ran for President on the Socialist ticket in 1900, 1904, and 1908?
Why did the socialist movement never gain much strength?
It was too radical, wanted to overthrow capitalism
Which amendment allowed for direct election of senators?
The progressive era saw a _________ in popular politics
This governer was famous for his "Wisconsin idea"
Robert M.La Follette
Teddy Roosevelt used his _________ to get his point across
What did roosevelt think about the Sherman anti trust act?
He tried to defend it
Roosevelt tried to take legal action against his company in 1902, he brought up an anti trust lawsuit against them and the Supreme Court ruled to have the company dissolved
Norther security company
This was when Roosevelt sided with Pennsylvania miners in a dispute over labor unions and shorter hours
This act did away with railroad rebates and increased the interstate commerce commissions power to regulate by placing telephone and telegraph companies under its power
Mann Elkins act
This act strengthened ICC ratemaking policies and increased its application to oil pipelines and other services
Who won the election of 1904?
This act established sanitary regulations in the meat packing industry
Meat inspection act
This act required that business list ingredients of what went into products
Pure food and drug act
He was chief of the Forrest service and a conservationist, he wanted to institute a wise use of nations resources
William Howard Taft pushed for ______ tariffs
Taft favored ____ competition
Who was Taft more likely to support when it came to labor disputes?
What was tarts opinion on unions?
He stood against them
What was their a split in the Republican Part over?
The protectionist/conservative wing wanted _____ tariffs
The progressive wing wanted _______ tariffs
This act set rates higher than proposed by the house but lower than previous tariffs
Payne Aldrich act
Who was Tafts secretary of interior?
This involved Richard Ballinger attempting to sell some land that Gifford Pinchot had withdrawn to save for conservationist
Ballinger Pinchot Affair
What did Taft do when Pinchot complained about Ballinger?
Who was the republican candidate in the election of 1912?
Who ran for the progressive party in 1912?
What was the progressive party's nickname?
Bull moose party
This was Roosevelts plan saying that the government should get involved in big business
Who ran for the democrats in 1912?
This was Woodrow Wilson's belief of free economy and less government restraint on big business
Who won the election of 1912?
This bill cut tariff rates by 15%
What did the underwood tariff also provide for to make up for revenue?
Graduated income tax
Which amendment allowed for a graduated income tax
This was the greatest measure passed by Woodrow Wilson, it reformed the banking system by establishing a stable yet flexible currency
Federal reserve act
Lower rates meant _____ money in circulation
Higher rates meant ______ money in circulation
This act passed during Wilson's presidency strengthened the Sherman anti trust act
Clayton anti trust act
What did the Clayton anti trust act say about unions?
That they were not conspiracies
The Clayton anti trust act outlawed __________
She turned attention to work related illness
Dr Alice Hamilton
This act prohibited the transportation of women for immoral purposes
Who was the president of the general federation of women's clubs?
Sarah P Decker
This radical women's union picketed the White House in 1917
Who founded the congressional union?
Alice Paul and Lucy Burns
What was the original argument for women's suffrage?
Voting was a natural right
What the the argument for women's suffrage change to?
Women would use their votes to better society
This doctrine said that people shaped their environment and were shaped by it
Who created the doctrine of pragmatism?
This movement related law to social reform
This judge from Denver Colorado was known as the kids judge
This allowed voters rather than parties to choose candidates for office
This city pioneered the commission form of government
This was knows as the countries best governed cities
In order to democratize the government, progressives backed what 3 measures?
The initiative, the referendum, the recall
This allowed voters to propose new laws
This allowed voters to accept or reject a law at the ballot box
This gave voters a way to remove an official from office
What position did Taft serve as on Roosevelt's cabinet?
Sec of war
What labor union was involved in the square deal?
United mine workers
Who led the united mine workers?
Who ran for the democrats in the election of 1904?
Alton B Parker
Who was the republican candidate in the election of 1908?
Who was the democratic candidate in the election of 1908?
William Jennings Bryan
Who was Tafts Vice President?
James J Sherman
Taft started his term with an attempt to curb the power of the speaker of the house _________ who had been dictating legislation
Joseph "Uncle Joe" Cannon
Who did Wilson name to the Supreme Court in 1916?
This imposed an 8 hour day on interstate railways and established a federal commission to investigate the railroad problems
Created an expert commission to recommend tariff rates
Tariff commission act
Boosted the income tax and furthered tax reform
Revenue act of 1916
Who won the election of 1916?
This court case set the precedent for protective labor laws and expanded the definition of legal evidence
Muller vs Oregon
He was known as the peoples attorney
Louis D Brandeis