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Flashcards in Ch 16 Deck (48):
0

What was Lincoln's plan for reconstruction?

Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction Plan aka 10% plan

1

What did the ten percent plan entail?

-It would grant amnesty to all who took an oath of loyalty
-when 1/10 of voters took oath states could send reps back to congress and establish state govs

2

What was Lincoln's goal for reconstruction?

Get the union back together as quickly as possible

3

This was an unsuccessful attempt from radical republicans to try to set reconstruction policy

Wade Davis bill

4

What did the Wade Davis Bill entail?

-abolish slavery
-make south deny succession
-keep confederate officials from holding office or voting
-establish military governors in the south
-when a majority of state citizens swore allegiance a constitutional convention could be held

5

What did Lincoln do to the Wade David Bill?

Pocket vetoed it

6

What did the 13 amendment do?

Emancipated all slaves

7

This was established by radicals and helped free men transition from slavery to freedom

Freedmens bureau

8

What department ran the Freedmens bureau?

War Dept

9

Northerners who moved to the south to try to rebuild society

Carpetbaggers

10

White southerners who switched from being democrats to being republican

Scalawags

11

Who became president after Lincoln's assassination ?

Andrew Johnson

12

What political party did Andrew Johnson belong to?

Democrat

13

What did Johnson think about aristocrats?

He was anti aristocrat

14

What were Johnson's conditions for confederate states to enter the union?

States had to do away with
-slavery
-succession
-debt

15

How did Johnson deal with confederate military leaders?

Granted amnesty to them upon oathe

16

These were passed to regulate the lives of black people

Black codes

17

This amendment extended civil rights to all people and made black people citizens

14th amendment

18

Which two bills did Johnson veto that created tension between congress and the president?

-extension of the Freedmens bureau
-the 1866 civil rights act

19

What did congress do in response to Johnson's vetoes?

Overturned them

20

What was the center of the debates in the midterm elections of 1866?

14th amendment

21

What did the Reconstruction act of 1867 do?

Sets standards for south to be readmitted into the union
-passage of 13 & 14 amendments
-established 5 military districts in the south

22

What did Johnson do to the Reconstruction act of 1867?

Veto

23

What did congress do about Johnson's veto?

Overrode it

24

This act protected radical members left in office form Lincoln's presidency

Tenure of office act

25

Who did Johnson dismiss without senate approval?

Edwin Stanton

26

Who won the election of 1868

Ulysses S Grant

27

What did the 15 amendment do?

Guaranteed black males the right to vote

28

These were the white supremacist portion of the south

Redeemers

29

What tactics were used to limit the voting rights of blacks?

-poll taxes
-literacy tests

30

These laws legalized segregation

Jim Crow laws

31

What was another name for the enforcement acts?

KKK act

32

What did the enforcement acts do?

Provided for federal supervision of registration and polling places to ensure the rights of freedmen

33

Why did northern support for reconstruction decline?

-corruption in gov by grant
-panic of 1873
-wars fighting in the west with NA's
-money spent trying to regrow the south

34

What election signaled the end of reconstruction?

Election of 1876

35

Who was the republican candidate in the election of 1876?

Rutherford B Hayes

36

Who was the democratic candidate in the election of 1876?

Samuel Tilden

37

Who won for popular votes?

Samuel Tilden

38

Why was the election turned over to the house?

Disputed election results in several states

39

Who won the election?

Rutherford B Hayes

40

What were the conditions for Rutherford B Hayes presidency?

He had to remove southern troops

41

Famous South Carolina black leader of the civil war and reconstruction

Robert smells

42

Why did the majority of congress oppose Lincoln's plans for reconstruction?

They did not trust confederates

43

When was the wade Davis bill passed?

During the war

44

What did Johnson think of Lincoln's emancipation policy?

He endorsed it because he saw it as a way to destroy the planter elite

45

Johnson planned to abandon the republicans for the...

National union movement

46

Who did Johnson initially want to replace Edwin Stanton as Secretary of war?

Grant

47

Who does Johnson eventually appoint as Sec of War?

General Lorenzo Thomas