Flashcards in Ch 16 Deck (48):
What was Lincoln's plan for reconstruction?
Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction Plan aka 10% plan
What did the ten percent plan entail?
-It would grant amnesty to all who took an oath of loyalty
-when 1/10 of voters took oath states could send reps back to congress and establish state govs
What was Lincoln's goal for reconstruction?
Get the union back together as quickly as possible
This was an unsuccessful attempt from radical republicans to try to set reconstruction policy
Wade Davis bill
What did the Wade Davis Bill entail?
-make south deny succession
-keep confederate officials from holding office or voting
-establish military governors in the south
-when a majority of state citizens swore allegiance a constitutional convention could be held
What did Lincoln do to the Wade David Bill?
Pocket vetoed it
What did the 13 amendment do?
Emancipated all slaves
This was established by radicals and helped free men transition from slavery to freedom
What department ran the Freedmens bureau?
Northerners who moved to the south to try to rebuild society
White southerners who switched from being democrats to being republican
Who became president after Lincoln's assassination ?
What political party did Andrew Johnson belong to?
What did Johnson think about aristocrats?
He was anti aristocrat
What were Johnson's conditions for confederate states to enter the union?
States had to do away with
How did Johnson deal with confederate military leaders?
Granted amnesty to them upon oathe
These were passed to regulate the lives of black people
This amendment extended civil rights to all people and made black people citizens
Which two bills did Johnson veto that created tension between congress and the president?
-extension of the Freedmens bureau
-the 1866 civil rights act
What did congress do in response to Johnson's vetoes?
What was the center of the debates in the midterm elections of 1866?
What did the Reconstruction act of 1867 do?
Sets standards for south to be readmitted into the union
-passage of 13 & 14 amendments
-established 5 military districts in the south
What did Johnson do to the Reconstruction act of 1867?
What did congress do about Johnson's veto?
This act protected radical members left in office form Lincoln's presidency
Tenure of office act
Who did Johnson dismiss without senate approval?
Who won the election of 1868
Ulysses S Grant
What did the 15 amendment do?
Guaranteed black males the right to vote
These were the white supremacist portion of the south
What tactics were used to limit the voting rights of blacks?
These laws legalized segregation
Jim Crow laws
What was another name for the enforcement acts?
What did the enforcement acts do?
Provided for federal supervision of registration and polling places to ensure the rights of freedmen
Why did northern support for reconstruction decline?
-corruption in gov by grant
-panic of 1873
-wars fighting in the west with NA's
-money spent trying to regrow the south
What election signaled the end of reconstruction?
Election of 1876
Who was the republican candidate in the election of 1876?
Rutherford B Hayes
Who was the democratic candidate in the election of 1876?
Who won for popular votes?
Why was the election turned over to the house?
Disputed election results in several states
Who won the election?
Rutherford B Hayes
What were the conditions for Rutherford B Hayes presidency?
He had to remove southern troops
Famous South Carolina black leader of the civil war and reconstruction
Why did the majority of congress oppose Lincoln's plans for reconstruction?
They did not trust confederates
When was the wade Davis bill passed?
During the war
What did Johnson think of Lincoln's emancipation policy?
He endorsed it because he saw it as a way to destroy the planter elite
Johnson planned to abandon the republicans for the...
National union movement
Who did Johnson initially want to replace Edwin Stanton as Secretary of war?