Flashcards in Ch 5 Deck (61):
What were some contributing factors to the Revolutionary War?
-Geography (distance from England made Americans feel more independent)
- French and Indian War (huge factor)
Time period where colonists developed their own sense of identity separate form England.
What were the major affects of the French and Indian War?
-the colonists had a more positive outlook on life
-Britain was in deep debt
Said that the colonist were forbidden of going west of the Appalachians
Proclamation Line of 1763
Why did the peacetime army anger the colonists?
They had to compete for jobs with the soldiers
Act passed by Britain that taxed goods coming into the colonies from other places, also called the Revenue Act
Notion that although the colonists had not elected members to parliament, they were nonetheless represented
Taxed all paper products, affects and angers the colonists more than the sugar act
Stamp act of 1765
Belief that parliament reigned supreme and could pass acts as they saw fit
Act that put new duties on imports
Townshend revenue acts
9 colonies sent reps to discuss what to do about the Stamp Act and decide on a colonial wide boycott of English goods
Stamp Act congress
How do the women get involved with the boycott on English goods?
They made homespun close
Who gave an anti stamp act speech at the house of burgesses in Virginia?
Passed by Virginia, urged colonists to fight against stamp act
Who led the Sons of Liberty?
Declares England's right to pass laws for the colonies
Refers to the peacetime arms firing into a mob of unarmed protesters , left 5 people dead and many wounded
Black man killed in the Boston massacre, first to be killed
Native American Rebellion that proves the peacetime army's inability to defend
Allowed colonists to keep informed about British wrongdoings in the colonies, organized by Sam Adams
Committee of correspondence
All Townshend duties were eventually repealed except for the one on...
Refers to colonists dressed as natives throwing tea into the Boston harbor
The Boston Tea Party
This tea company was saved by bankruptcy with the tea act
East India Company
Acts passed by King George in response to the Boston Tea Party.
Intolerable acts, also called the coercive acts
What did the coercive acts say/do?
1) Royal Navy blockade on Boston harbor
2) colonists had to quarter soldiers
3) people had to be tried for wrongdoings in England instead of in the colonies
Who was made the new governer of Massachusetts to enforce the intolerable acts?
What happened at the first continental congress?
Began training citizens for war
Resistance to coercive acts, boycott of English goods
Where was the first continental congress?
What colony did not participate in the first continental congress?
Where was the shot heard around the world?
Lexington and Concorde
Who is famous for warning the rebels of the British?
What British General fought in the battle of bunker hill?
Who won the battle of bunker hill?
British, although they suffered 40% casualties
What happened at the second continental congress?
The Declaration of Independence was written
Act where England blockaded all trade between colonists and the world, war on commerce
Writer of Common Sense, first work to openly ask for independence
Series of articles written by Thomas Paine, gave Washington's men encouragement to keep fighting while at valley forge
The American Crises
Where did the second continental congress meet?
Independence Hall in Philadelphia
Who was the main author of the Deceleration of Independence?
What major issue was left out of the declaration of dependence so not to divide congress?
When was the Declaration of Independence signed?
July 4 1776
What where the parts of the Declaration of Independence ?
1) write of the people, inalienable rights
2) wrongdoings of the King
3) actually declaring of independence
What were the inalienable rights of the people as outlined in the Declaration of Independence?
Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
Why did England experience difficulties during the war?
America was so big, it was hard to completely occupy
What was Phase 1 of the war nicknamed?
The northern campaign
What country did the British flee to?
American war general who turned against America and began fighting for the British
What was Britain's plan in phase 1?
Isolate New England
What city did the British set in flames??
What river did Washington cross on Christmas Eve?
Who did Washington and his men defeat after crossing the Delaware, helped revive the spirit of the revolution
What was Washington's strategies during phase 2 of the war?
What battle is described as the turning point in the war?
Battle of Saratoga
Who negotiated French assistance?
What was phase 3 nicknamed?
The southern strategy
What was Britain's strategies during phase 3?
Use the southern loyalists to their advantage
What us general harassed Cornwallis as he moved through the Carolina's?
Who was the US general who fought in the battle of Yorktown?
Who surrendered at the battle of Yorktown