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Flashcards in Ch 5 Deck (61):
0

What were some contributing factors to the Revolutionary War?

-Enlightenment
-Great Awakening
-Geography (distance from England made Americans feel more independent)
- French and Indian War (huge factor)

1

Time period where colonists developed their own sense of identity separate form England.

Salutary Neglect

2

What were the major affects of the French and Indian War?

-the colonists had a more positive outlook on life
-Britain was in deep debt

3

Said that the colonist were forbidden of going west of the Appalachians

Proclamation Line of 1763

4

Why did the peacetime army anger the colonists?

They had to compete for jobs with the soldiers

5

Act passed by Britain that taxed goods coming into the colonies from other places, also called the Revenue Act

Sugar act

6

Notion that although the colonists had not elected members to parliament, they were nonetheless represented

Virtual representation

7

Taxed all paper products, affects and angers the colonists more than the sugar act

Stamp act of 1765

8

Belief that parliament reigned supreme and could pass acts as they saw fit

Parliamentary Sovereignty

9

Act that put new duties on imports

Townshend revenue acts

10

9 colonies sent reps to discuss what to do about the Stamp Act and decide on a colonial wide boycott of English goods

Stamp Act congress

11

How do the women get involved with the boycott on English goods?

They made homespun close

12

Who gave an anti stamp act speech at the house of burgesses in Virginia?

Patrick Henry

13

Passed by Virginia, urged colonists to fight against stamp act

Virginia resolves

14

Who led the Sons of Liberty?

Sam Adams

15

Declares England's right to pass laws for the colonies

Declaratory Act

16

Refers to the peacetime arms firing into a mob of unarmed protesters , left 5 people dead and many wounded

Boston Massacre

17

Black man killed in the Boston massacre, first to be killed

Crispus Attucks

18

Native American Rebellion that proves the peacetime army's inability to defend

Pontiacs Rebellion

19

Allowed colonists to keep informed about British wrongdoings in the colonies, organized by Sam Adams

Committee of correspondence

20

All Townshend duties were eventually repealed except for the one on...

Tea

21

Refers to colonists dressed as natives throwing tea into the Boston harbor

The Boston Tea Party

22

This tea company was saved by bankruptcy with the tea act

East India Company

23

Acts passed by King George in response to the Boston Tea Party.

Intolerable acts, also called the coercive acts

24

What did the coercive acts say/do?

1) Royal Navy blockade on Boston harbor
2) colonists had to quarter soldiers
3) people had to be tried for wrongdoings in England instead of in the colonies

25

Who was made the new governer of Massachusetts to enforce the intolerable acts?

General Gage

26

What happened at the first continental congress?

Began training citizens for war

27

Resistance to coercive acts, boycott of English goods

Suffolk resolve

28

Where was the first continental congress?

Philadelphia

29

What colony did not participate in the first continental congress?

Georgia

30

Where was the shot heard around the world?

Lexington and Concorde

31

Who is famous for warning the rebels of the British?

Paul revere

32

What British General fought in the battle of bunker hill?

General Howe

33

Who won the battle of bunker hill?

British, although they suffered 40% casualties

34

What happened at the second continental congress?

The Declaration of Independence was written

35

Act where England blockaded all trade between colonists and the world, war on commerce

Prohibitory acts

36

Writer of Common Sense, first work to openly ask for independence

Thomas Paine

37

Series of articles written by Thomas Paine, gave Washington's men encouragement to keep fighting while at valley forge

The American Crises

38

Where did the second continental congress meet?

Independence Hall in Philadelphia

39

Who was the main author of the Deceleration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

40

What major issue was left out of the declaration of dependence so not to divide congress?

Slavery

41

When was the Declaration of Independence signed?

July 4 1776

42

What where the parts of the Declaration of Independence ?

1) write of the people, inalienable rights
2) wrongdoings of the King
3) actually declaring of independence

43

What were the inalienable rights of the people as outlined in the Declaration of Independence?

Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

44

Why did England experience difficulties during the war?

America was so big, it was hard to completely occupy

45

What was Phase 1 of the war nicknamed?

The northern campaign

46

What country did the British flee to?

Canada

47

American war general who turned against America and began fighting for the British

Benedict Arnold

48

What was Britain's plan in phase 1?

Isolate New England

49

What city did the British set in flames??

New York

50

What river did Washington cross on Christmas Eve?

The Delaware

51

Who did Washington and his men defeat after crossing the Delaware, helped revive the spirit of the revolution

The heshians

52

What was Washington's strategies during phase 2 of the war?

Guerrilla warfare

53

What battle is described as the turning point in the war?

Battle of Saratoga

54

Who negotiated French assistance?

Benjamin Franklin

55

What was phase 3 nicknamed?

The southern strategy

56

What was Britain's strategies during phase 3?

Use the southern loyalists to their advantage

57

What us general harassed Cornwallis as he moved through the Carolina's?

Nathaniel Green

58

Who was the US general who fought in the battle of Yorktown?

Washington

59

Who surrendered at the battle of Yorktown

Cornwallis

60

Treaty that ended the Revolutionary War

Treaty of Paris