Flashcards in Ch 11: The Later Middle Ages Deck (105)
What was the term for the period when successive popes resided in Avignon?
Italian ____________ took head of the church in Rome
Urban attacked ____________
Why did the cardinals declare Urban's election to the papacy invalid?
It had come about under threats from the roman mob
Who did the Cardinals elect as pope instead of Urban?
What's the term coined for the period of time where their were two then three popes?
Who did France recognize as pope during the great schism?
Who did England recognize as pope during the great schism?
This French philosopher was critical of the church and argued that it should be separate from state
William of Occam
Who wrote the book "the defender of the peace" where he argued that the church should be under the state
People critical of the church who said that reform should be achieved by councils representing all Christian people, and that the the pope had to much power
This conciliarist believed that scripture was the center of religion and that the pope shouldn't be so powerful
__________ played a significant role in the conciliarist movement
He built on Wycliffe's ideas and defeated the churches army many times, he was tried and burned at the stake for his beliefs
In 1430 the Bohemian emperor recognized the __________ church
What did the council at Pisa do to try to end the great schism?
Appoint a new pope
How did the Roman and Avignon pope respond to the appointment of a new pope?
They refused to resign
What were the three goals of the council at Constance?
-wipe out heresy
What did the council at Constance do the the Roman pope as the pope appointed at Pisa?
What did the council at Constance do to the Avignon pope?
Who was the new pope appointed at the council at Constance?
Martin dissolved the church without doing anything about _______
How did the schism affect religion?
Caused people to find different outlets of religion away from church authority
Volunteer lay groups organized by occupation, devotional preference, neighborhood, etc. Raised money for the church
Famine, plague, and war _________ confraternities
Direct experience of the divine
Where was the first major peasant revolt?
Why did peasants in Flanders revolt?
They were forced to pay taxes to the French
Peasant revolt in France caused by taxation from the Hundred Years War