Ch 11: The Later Middle Ages Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 11: The Later Middle Ages Deck (105)
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61

What was the term for the period when successive popes resided in Avignon?

Babylonian Captivity

62

Italian ____________ took head of the church in Rome

Urban VI

63

Urban attacked ____________

Clerical luxury

64

Why did the cardinals declare Urban's election to the papacy invalid?

It had come about under threats from the roman mob

65

Who did the Cardinals elect as pope instead of Urban?

Clement VII

66

What's the term coined for the period of time where their were two then three popes?

Great Schism

67

Who did France recognize as pope during the great schism?

Clement VII

68

Who did England recognize as pope during the great schism?

Urban

69

This French philosopher was critical of the church and argued that it should be separate from state

William of Occam

70

Who wrote the book "the defender of the peace" where he argued that the church should be under the state

Marsiglio

71

People critical of the church who said that reform should be achieved by councils representing all Christian people, and that the the pope had to much power

Conciliarists

72

This conciliarist believed that scripture was the center of religion and that the pope shouldn't be so powerful

John Wycliffe

73

__________ played a significant role in the conciliarist movement

Women

74

He built on Wycliffe's ideas and defeated the churches army many times, he was tried and burned at the stake for his beliefs

Jan Hus

75

In 1430 the Bohemian emperor recognized the __________ church

Hussite

76

What did the council at Pisa do to try to end the great schism?

Appoint a new pope

77

How did the Roman and Avignon pope respond to the appointment of a new pope?

They refused to resign

78

What were the three goals of the council at Constance?

-wipe out heresy
-end schism
-reform church

79

What did the council at Constance do the the Roman pope as the pope appointed at Pisa?

Dismissed them

80

What did the council at Constance do to the Avignon pope?

Isolated him

81

Who was the new pope appointed at the council at Constance?

Martin V

82

Martin dissolved the church without doing anything about _______

Reform

83

How did the schism affect religion?

Caused people to find different outlets of religion away from church authority

84

Volunteer lay groups organized by occupation, devotional preference, neighborhood, etc. Raised money for the church

Confraternities

85

Famine, plague, and war _________ confraternities

Increased

86

Direct experience of the divine

Mysticism

87

Where was the first major peasant revolt?

Flanders

88

Why did peasants in Flanders revolt?

They were forced to pay taxes to the French

89

Peasant revolt in France caused by taxation from the Hundred Years War

Jacquerie

90

The ___________ united to end the Jacquerie

Upper class