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Flashcards in chapter 0 Prologue recall Deck (17):
1

Behaviorism

The view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes

2

humanistic psychology

historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth

3

cognitive neuroscience

the inter-disciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language)

4

psychology

the science of behavior and mental processes

5

Nature-nurture issue

the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture

6

natural selection

the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations

7

levels of analysis

the differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon

8

biopsychosocial approach

an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis

9

basic research

pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base

10

applied research

scientific study that aims to solve practical problems

11

counseling psychology

a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving greater well-being.

12

clinical psychology

a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.

13

psychiatry

a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical (for example, drug) treatments as well as psychological therapy.

14

positive psychology

the scientific study of human functioning, with the goals of discovering and promoting strengths and virtues that help individuals and communities to thrive.

15

community psychology

a branch of psychology that studies how people interact with their social environments and how social institutions affect individuals and groups

16

testing effect

enhanced memory after retrieving, rather than simply reading, information. Also sometimes referred to as a retrieval practice effect or test-enhanced learning.

17

SQ3R

a study method incorporating five steps: survey, question, Read, Retrieve, Review.