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Flashcards in chapter 0 Prologue recognition Deck (17):
1

The view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes

Behaviorism

2

historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth

humanistic psychology

3

the inter-disciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language)

cognitive neuroscience

4

the science of behavior and mental processes

psychology

5

the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature and nurture

Nature-nurture issue

6

the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations

natural selection

7

the differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon

levels of analysis

8

an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis

biopsychosocial approach

9

pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base

basic research

10

scientific study that aims to solve practical problems

applied research

11

a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving greater well-being.

counseling psychology

12

a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.

clinical psychology

13

a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical (for example, drug) treatments as well as psychological therapy.

psychiatry

14

the scientific study of human functioning, with the goals of discovering and promoting strengths and virtues that help individuals and communities to thrive.

positive psychology

15

a branch of psychology that studies how people interact with their social environments and how social institutions affect individuals and groups

community psychology

16

enhanced memory after retrieving, rather than simply reading, information. Also sometimes referred to as a retrieval practice effect or test-enhanced learning.

testing effect

17

a study method incorporating five steps: survey, question, Read, Retrieve, Review.

SQ3R