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Flashcards in chapter 16 therapy recognition Deck (37):
1

treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth.

psychotherapy

2

prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the person's physiology.

biomedical therapy

3

an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy.

eclectic approach

4

Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences – and the therapist's interpretation of them – released previously repressed feelings. Allowing the patient to grain self-insight.

psychoanalysis

5

in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material.

resistance

6

in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight.

interpretation

7

in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent).

transference

8

therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight.

psychodynamic therapy

9

a variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing a person's awareness of underlying motives and defenses.

insight therapies

10

a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses technique such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients' growth. (Also called person-centered therapy.)

Client-centered therapy

11

emphatic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. A feature of Rogers' client-centered therapy.

active listening

12

a caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which Carl Rogers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self-acceptance.

unconditional positive regard

13

therapy that apples learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors.

behavior therapy

14

a behavior therapy procedure uses classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors; includes exposure therapies and aversive conditioning..

counterconditioning

15

behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization and virtual reality exposure therapy, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actual situations) to the things they fear or avoid.

exposure therapies

16

a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias.

systematic desensitization

17

An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to electronic simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking.

Virtual reality exposure therapy

18

a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol).

aversive conditioning

19

an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats

token economy

20

therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions.

cognitive therapy

21

a confrontational cognitive therapy, developed by Albert Ellis, that vigorously challenges people's illogical, self-defeating attitudes and assumptions.

Rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT)

22

a popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior).

Cognitive-behavioral therapy

23

therapy conducted with groups rather than individuals, permitting therapeutic benefits from group interaction.

group therapy

24

therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members.

family therapy

25

the tendency for extreme or unusual scores to fall back (regress) toward their average

regression toward the mean

26

a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies.

Meta-analysis

27

clinical decision making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences.

Evidence-based practice

28

a bond of trust and mutual understanding between a therapist and client, who work together constructively to overcome the client's problem.

therapeutic alliance

29

the study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior.

psychopharmacology

30

drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe disorder.

antipsychotic drugs

31

drugs used to control anxiety and agitation

antianxiety drugs

32

drugs used to treat depression and some anxiety disorders. Different types work by altering the availability of various neurotransmitters.

antidepressant drugs

33

a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient.

electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

34

the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity.

repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

35

surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior.

psychosurgery

36

a psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotion or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain.

lobotomy

37

the personal strength that helps most people cope with stress and recover from adversity and even trauma.

resilience