Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (18):
1

Motivation

A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior

2

Instinct

A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned

3

Drive-Reduction Theory

The idea that a psychological need creates an aroused tensions state a drive that motivates an organism to satisfy the need

4

Homeostasis

Maintain a balanced internal state

5

Incentives

A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior

6

Optimal Arousal Theory

Not all behaviors are psychological. Curiosity driven behaviors suggest too little or too much stimulation can motivate people to seek optimal level of arousal

7

Anorexia Nervosa

An eating disorder where a normal weight person starves themselves and continues to perceive themselves as fat

8

Abraham Maslow

Hierarchy of needs

9

Bulimia Nervosa

An eating disorder characterized by episodes of over eating followed by vomiting

10

Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning with psychological needs that must be satisfied before other needs

11

Alfred Kinsey

Launched a controversial sex studies program and analyzed his findings in the book Sexual Behavior in Human
Male

12

Sexual Response Cycle

The four stages of sexual responding described by masters and Johnson - excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution

13

Refractory Period

A resting period after an orgasm where a man cannot achieve another orgasm

14

Sexual Disorder

A problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning

15

Sexual Orientation

An enduring sexual attraction to ones own sec or the other sex

16

Flow

A completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of ones skills

17

Industrial-Organizational Psychology

The application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior and behavior in workplaces

18

Achievement Motivation

A desire for significant accomplishment; for mastery of things, people, or ideas - for attaining a high standard