Chapter 5 Part One Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology :) > Chapter 5 Part One > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Part One Deck (25):
1

Perception

How to interpret signals

2

Sensation

Processing and detecting neural signals

3

Bottom-Up Processing

Taking in the stimuli

4

Top-Down Processing

Based on experience and expectations

5

Prosopagnosia

Complete sensation but incomplete perception
Failure of perception (Top-Down Processing)

6

Psychophysics

Study of physical characteristics of stimuli - mental phenomenon

7

Absolute Threshold

Minimum stimulation required 50% of the time

8

Signal Detection Theory

Detecting weak signals

9

Subliminal

Signals below awareness

10

Priming

Unconscious activation of certain associations
Predisposing perception, memory, or response

11

Difference Threshold

Difference between two stimuli (jnd)

12

Weber's Law

In order to be different, must differ by a certain percent

13

Sensory Adaptation

Diminishing sensitivity of unchanging stimulus

14

Transduction

Conversion of one form of energy into another

15

Wavelength

Distance between waves

16

Hue

The color we experience

17

Intensity

Energy determined by brightness

18

Pupil

Lets in light
Adjustable opening

19

Iris

Muscle around the pupil controlling light intake (pupil)

20

Lens

Behind the retina used for focus

21

Accommodation

Flexible (of lens)

22

Retina

Sensitive area with cones and rods

23

Acuity

Sharpness of vision

24

Rods

Ability to see in twilight

25

Cones

Ability to see in daylight
Ability to see detail