Chapter 8 Part One Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology :) > Chapter 8 Part One > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8 Part One Deck (24):
1

Associative Learning

Certain events occur together

2

Classical Conditioning

Stimulus learned to trigger a response

3

Behaviorism

The view that psychology should be an objective science that studies only behaviors

4

Ivan Pavlov

Russian psychologist - salivating dog experiment

5

Unconditioned Stimulus (US)

Stimulus that naturally triggers an unconditioned response

6

Unconditioned Response (UR)

Unlearned involuntary response to US

7

Learning

Relatively permanent change in an organism behavior due to experience

8

Neutral Stimulus (NS)

Stimulus that does not have an affect

9

Conditioned Stimulus (CS)

Originally neutral that becomes a CR after association with unconditioned stimulus

10

Conditioned Response (CR)

Learned response to CS resulting from acquired association with US

11

Acquisition

Initial stage of conditioning where new response is established and gradually strengthened

12

Extinction

Weakening of a CR when the CS is no longer followed by the US - response is no longer reinforced

13

Spontaneous Recovery

Reappeared of an extinguished CR after a rest period

14

Generalization

Stimuli similar to original CS to evoke a similar response

15

Discrimination

Respond differently to similar stimuli
Ability to distinguish between 2 stimuli

16

John Garcia

Given credit to coining taste aversion

17

Taste Aversion

One time because response is so strong - avoiding food after an illness

18

Operant Conditioning

Learning where behavior is strengthened with a reinforcer and diminished with a punisher

19

Respondent Behavior

Automatic response to some stimuli

20

B.F. Skinner

Associated with operant behavior
Used rats in Skinner box
Most controversial psychologist

21

Edward L. Thorndike

Known for hugs Law of Effect
Used a puzzle box

22

Law of Effect

Proposed by Thorndike
Behavior followed by favorable consequences were more likely to occur again and vice versa

23

Operant Chamber

Also known as a Skinner Box
Experiment chamber for operant conditioning

24

Shaping

Establishing a new response by reinforcing successive behaviors
Rewarding a dog as he is taught a new trick step by step