Chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology :) > Chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (49):
1

Biological Rhythms

Periodic fluctuations in our bodies physiological states

2

Circadian Rhythm

Any regular bodily rhythm such as temp and sleep that follows a 24 hour cycle

3

Non REM Sleep

Any sleep stage not in the REM cycle

4

REM Sleep

Stage of sleep in which the brain and eyes are active, muscles relax, and vivid dreaming occurs

5

Alpha Waves

Slow brain waves in awakened relaxed state

6

Sleep

Natural, periodic, reversible loss of consciousness

7

Hallucinations

False sensory experiences

8

Delta Waves

Large, slow brain waves in deep sleep

9

Insomnia

Sleep disorder where the person periodically can't fall or stay asleep

10

Narcolepsy

Sleep disorder where the person will suddenly fall directly into REM sleep, usually at I opportune times when excited

11

Sleep Apnea

Sleep disorder where a person stops breathing during sleep

12

Night Terrors

Terrifying dreams during stage 4 sleep

13

Dreams

Vivid sequence of emotions, thoughts, and images during sleep

14

Freud's Wish Fulfillment

Unconscious desires performed in dreams

15

Manifest Content

Remembered storyline of a dream

16

Latent Content

Hidden meaning of a dream

17

Info Processing

Sorting out day's events in dreams

18

Physiological Function

Preserving pathways in brain in dreams

19

Activation Synthesis

Make sense of a dream

20

Cognitive Development

Comparing child's point of view and dreams to that of an adult

21

REM Rebound

Tendency for REM to increase following REM deprivation

22

Hypnosis

Social interaction when someone tells another feelings will suddenly appear

23

Anton Mesmer

Associated with mesmerization - quack practice - lots of skeptics

24

Post Hypnotic Suggestion

A suggestion made during hypnosis that is carried out when the subject is no longer hypnotized

25

Social Influence Theory

Persuasive effect we have on each other
Proposed by Theodore Barbor

26

Disassociation (Divided Consciousness Theory)

Split between different levels of consciousness, allowing a person to divide attention between thoughts
Proposed by Ernest Hilgard

27

Ernest Hilgard

Proposed disassociation (DCT)

28

Theodore Barbor

Proposed Social Influence Theory

29

Age Regression

Forgotten or repressed memories

30

Psychoactive Drug

Includes all types of drugs that chemically alter mood or perception

31

Tolerance

Diminishing of drugs affect on an individual
Requires larger doses to feel effects

32

Withdrawal

Discomfort and distress following discontinued drug use

33

Physical Dependence

Body's need for a drug

34

Psychological Dependence

Mind's need for a drug

35

Addiction

Compulsive craving for a drug

36

Depressants

Alcohol, opiates, barbiturates
Slows body functions

37

Barbiturates

Depressants used to induce sleep

38

Opiates

Depressants of poppy opium - reduce pain - morphine, opium, heroin

39

Stimulates

Caffeine, cocaine - excite neural activity and speed up body functions

40

Amphetomines

Type of stimulant that speeds up functions

41

Meth

Powerfully addictive stimulant

42

Ecstasy

Short term euphoria by increasing serotonin levels

43

Hallucinogens

LSD, marijuana
Distort perception

44

LSD

Powerful hallucinogen

45

THC

Mild hallucinogenic ingredient in marijuana

46

Near Death Experience

Lettered state of consciousness that has been reported by people who have had a brush with death

47

Dualism

Mind and body are distinct (nonphysical and physical)

48

Monism

Mind and body are different aspects of one

49

Consciousness

Our awareness of ourselves and our environment