Chapter 15 Part One Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Part One Deck (26):
1

Sigmund Freud

Focused on the unconscious and childhood experiences in determining our personality

2

Free Association

The Freudian technique in which the person is encouraged to say whatever comes to mind as a means of exploring the unconscious

3

Psychoanalysis

The treatment of psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret the tensions within a patients unconscious, using methods like free association

4

Unconscious

The part of the mind that contains material of which we are unaware but that strongly influences our behavior

5

Id

The unconscious system of personality with basic sexual and aggressive drives, that supplies psychic energy to seasonality - Devil

6

Ego

The unconscious division of personality that attempts to mediate between the demands of the id, superego and reality - umpire

7

Superego

The division of personality that contains the conscience and develops by incorporating the perceived moral standards of society - angel

8

Psychosexual Stages

Developmental periods children pass through during which the ids pleasure seeking energies are focused on different exogenous zones - oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital

9

Oedipus Complex

Boys in the phallic stage develop a collection of feelings - center sexual attraction to the mother and resentment of the father

10

Identification

Child's superego develops and incorporates the parents values
Freud saw this as crucial, not only resolution of the Oedipus complex, but also to the development of gender identity

11

Fixate

When development becomes arrested, due to unresolved conflicts, in an immature psychosexual stage

12

Defense Mechanisms

Certain specific means by which the ego unconsciously protects itself against unpleasant impulses or circumstances

13

Repression

Banishes anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from the unconscious

14

Personality

An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting

14

Regression

Where a person faced with anxiety reverts to a less mature pattern of behavior

16

Reaction Formation

The ego converts unacceptable impulses into their opposites

17

Projection

When people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others

18

Rationalization

Offers self justifying explanations in the place of the real, more threatening unconscious, reasons for ones actions

19

Displacement

In which a sexual or aggressive impulse is shifted to a more acceptable object other than one they originally aroused the impulse

20

Alfred Alder

Came up with the inferiority complex
Denounced Freud's view on children's sexuality in favor of society's influence

21

Karen Horney

Believed social, not sexual tensions are crucial to personality formation
Believed women have 'penis envy' and weak superegos
Childhood anxiety triggers desire for love and security

22

Carl Jung

Collective unconscious and archetypes

23

Collective Unconscious

Jung's concept of an inherited unconscious shared by all people deriving from our species history

24

Projective Tests

Such as the TAT and Rorschach present ambiguous stimuli onto which people supposedly project their own feelings

25

TAT

Thematic apperception test
A projective test that consists of ambiguous pictures about which people asked to make up stories

26

Rorschach Inkblot Test

The most widely used projective test, consists of 10 inkblots that people are asked to interpret