Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (42):
1

Perception

How to interpret signals

2

Selective Attention

The focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus as in the cocktail party effect

3

Cocktail Party Effect

Focusing on one thing amid a group setting

4

Inattentional Blindness

Failing to see visual objects when attention is directed elsewhere

5

Change Blindness

Doesn't notice a change in the visual field due to brief visual interruption
Out of sight out of mind

6

Change Deafness

Didn't notice a change in sound

7

Choice Blindness

Not recognizing what was chosen

8

Pop-Out Phenomenon

Noticeably different stimuli demanding attention

9

Illusions

Visual stimuli perceived differently from reality

10

Visual Capture

Tendency for vision to dominate other senses

11

Gestalt

An organized whole
Integration of pieces into meaningful wholes

12

Figure-Ground

Organization of he visual field into objects that stand out from surroundings

13

Grouping

Tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups

14

Proximity

Grouping nearby figures together

15

Similarity

Grouping similar figures together

16

Continuity

Perceiving smooth continuous patterns

17

Connectedness

Uniform and linked together

18

Closure

Filling in gaps creating a whole object

19

Depth Perception

A part of the visual field
Ability to see objects in 3D to judge distance

20

Visual Cliff

Lab device testing depth perception

21

Binocular Clues

Depth clues, retinal disparity and convergence, depend on two eyes

22

Retinal Diaparity

Binocular cue for perceiving depth
Greater = closer and vice versa

23

Monocular Cues

Depth cues with interposition, linear perspective, available to either eye alone

24

Relative Size

More distance makes it smaller and vice versa

25

Interposition

Objects overlap each other

26

Relative Clarity

Hazy = further away objects and vice versa

27

Convergence

Binocular cue for perceiving depth - converging inward
Greater inward stain = closer and vice versa

29

Texture Gradient

Texture signals determine distance

30

Relative Height

Higher in visual field = further away and vice versa

31

Relative Motion

Objects more stable appear to move

32

Linear Perspective

Parallel lines converge with distance

33

Light and Shadow

Nearby objects reflect light, dimmer = further away

34

Phi Phenomenon

An illusion of movement when lights blink in rapid succession

35

Stroboscopic Movement

Pictures put together to create movement
Stop motion animation

36

Perceptual Constancy

Perceiving objects as unchanging even as retinal images and illumination changes

37

Perceptual Adaptation

In vision, the ability to adjust to an artificially placed or inverted visual field

38

Context Effect

The influence of environmental factors on one's perception of a stimulus

39

Perceptual Set

Mental predisposition o perceive one thing and both the other

40

Schemas

With experience we form concepts to organize and interpret unfamiliar info

41

Human Factor Psychologists

Psychologists who make machines easy to use

42

Extrasensory Perception (ESP)

Perception can occur without sensory input

43

Parapsychology

Study of paranormal or ESP phenomenon