Chapter 15 Part Two Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology :) > Chapter 15 Part Two > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 15 Part Two Deck (25):
1

Humanistic Perspective

Approach to psychology that emphasizes empathy and stresses the good in human behavior
Looks at self-actualization
How to reach full potential of self
Self esteem
Affiliation - need to belong or fit in

2

Abraham Maslow

Maslow's Hierarch of needs
Humanistic perspective - self-actualization

3

Self-Actualization

The process of fulfilling ones potential and becoming spontaneous, loving, creative, and self accepting
Top of the hierarchy of needs

4

Carl Rogers

Believed that in order for self actualization to occur, three conditions were required: genuineness, acceptance, and empathy

5

Unconditional Positive Regard

According to Rogers, an attitude of total acceptance towards a person

6

Self-Concept

Ones personal awareness of "who I am"

7

Trait Perspective

Approach to the study of human personality
Trait theorists are primarily interested in the measurement of traits, which can be defined as habitual patterns of behavior, thought, and emotion

8

Traits

Are people's characteristic patterns of behavior

9

Gordon Allport

Defined personality in terms of identifiable behavior patterns - he only wanted to identify... Not explain

10

Factor Analysis

The statistical procedure used to identify clusters of traits that go together

11

Personality Inventories

Associated with the trait perspective, are questionnaires used to assess personality traits

12

MMPI

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
With 10 clinical scales - the most widely used personality inventory

13

Empirically Derived

One developed by testing many items to see which near distinguished between groups of interest

14

The Big Five

CANOE - conscientiousness, aggreableness, neuroticism, openness, extraversion

15

Social-Cognitive Perspective

View that people learn by watching others
Personality in terms of how a person thinks about and responds to one's social environment

16

Reciprocal Determinism

The interaction between personality and environmental factors - three different things exchange

17

Personal Control

Refers to a person's sense of controlling the environment

18

External Locus of Control

The perception that ones fate is determined by forces not under personal control

19

Internal Locus of Control

Perception that to a great extent, one controls ones own destiny

20

Martin Seligman

Pioneer of positive psychology

21

Learned Helplessness

The passive designation and perceived lack of control that a person or animal develops from repeated exposure to inescapable aversive events

22

Positive Psychology

According to Martin Seligman, focusing on positive emotions, character virtues such as creativity and compassion, and healthy families and neighborhoods - optimal human functioning

23

Spotlight Effect

The tendency of people to overestimate the extent to which other people are noticing and evaluating them

24

Self-Esteem

Refers to an individual's sense of self worth

25

Self-Serving Bias

The tendency to perceive oneself favorably