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Flashcards in Chapter 15 - Important concepts Deck (43):
1

Psychopathologists examine breakdowns in adaptation to help them understand healthy functioning

failure-analysis approach

2

What are the 5 criteria for a mental disorder?

Statistical rarity
Subjective distress
Impairment
Societal disapproval
Biological dysfunction

3

Mental disorders share a loose set of features.

family resemblance view

4

Asylum was part of what model?

Medical

5

The use of snake pits was completed for which model?

Medical

6

Exorcism

Demonic model

7

Free or low cost care facilitaties in which people can obtain treatment

community health care centers/halfway houses

8

Specific to one or more societies

culture-bound

9

Fear that you genitals are shrinking into your abdomen

Koro

10

Episodes of intense sadness and brooding followed by uncontrolled behaviour and unprovoked attacks on people or animals

amok

11

Psychiatric diagnoses:
1 - _______ the psychological problem a person is facing
2 - Make it _____ for mental health professionals to communicate

pinpoint
easier

12

What are 4 misconceptions about psychiatric diagnoses?

1) Pigeonholing
2) unreliable
3) invalid
4) Stigmatize people

13

the extent to which different raters agree on a patient's diagnosis

interrater reliability

14

Rule out medically induced psychological disorders prior to diagnosis.

Think organic

15

Percentage of people in a population with a disorder.

prevalence

16

Acknowledges the interplay of biological, psychological and social influences.

biopsychosocial approach

17

As student's become more familiar with pathologes, the become more aware and paranoid of bodily processes

medical student's syndrome

18

What is the most common anxiety disorder?

phobia

19

Faking mental illness

malingering

20

condition marked by motor tics, and vocal tics

tourette's disorder

21

Depression is less common in _____ people than in ______ people.

older, younger

22

Who came up with this?
People with depression often elicit hostility and rejection from others, which in turn maintains or worsens their depression.
People with depression seek excessive reassurance and tend to stir up negative feelings in others.

Coyne

23

Proposes that depression results from a low rate of response-contingent positive reinforcement

behavioural model (Lewinson)

24

Theory that depression is caused by negative beliefs and expectations.

cognitive model of depression

25

Three components of depressed thinking:
negative view of: oneself, the world, the future

cognitive triad

26

skewed ways of thinking - legit think of nightmare glasses

cognitive distortions

27

seen in more mild cases of depression - these individuals have a more accurate view of circumstances

depressive realism

28

people who are not depressed tend to have less realistic expectations of their capacities

illusory control

29

Depressed persons tend to think their failures are general and fixed aspects of their personalities

global-stable

30

What might be the stress gene?

Serotonin transporter gene

31

Depression seems to be linked to low levels of the NT ________; diminished _________ resulting in in decreased _________ volume; and decreased ________ levels.

norepineprhine
neurogenesis
hippocampal
dopamine

32

Among the most genetically influenced of all mental disorders.
Increased sensitivity of dopamine receptors, decreased sensitivity of serotonin receptors

bipolar disorder

33

Those with bipolar disorder:
increased activity in the _______, and decreased activity in the _______ cortex

amygdala
prefrontal cortex

34

What is the single best predictor for suicide?

A previous attempt

35

Psychopaths may be bored and seek out excitement, a phenomenon called what?

stimulus hunger

36

The sense that the external world is strange or unreal, often accompanies both depersonalization and panic attacks

derealization

37

arises from history of severe abuse during childhood; can feel the abuse happening to someone else

PTM

38

people's expectancies and beliefs, rather than early traumas, account for the origin and maintenance of DID

SCM

39

repeat a phrase in a conversation in a parrot-like manner

echoladia

40

A schizophrenic is most likely to relapse when the family is critical, hostile or overinvolved which is called?

expressed emotion

41

Schizophrenics have:
- enlarged ______
- increased in _____ size
- decrease in the size of the ______ lobe, and activation of the _______ and ________
- decrease in the ________ of the brain hemispheres

ventricles
sulci
temporal, amygdala, hippocampus
symmetry

42

Simple excess of dopamine causes schizophrenic symptoms

dopamine hypothesis

43

Children with persistent irritability and frequent behaviour outbursts

disruptive mood dysregulation disorder

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