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Flashcards in Chapter 15 - Important concepts Deck (43)
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1

Psychopathologists examine breakdowns in adaptation to help them understand healthy functioning

failure-analysis approach

2

What are the 5 criteria for a mental disorder?

Statistical rarity
Subjective distress
Impairment
Societal disapproval
Biological dysfunction

3

Mental disorders share a loose set of features.

family resemblance view

4

Asylum was part of what model?

Medical

5

The use of snake pits was completed for which model?

Medical

6

Exorcism

Demonic model

7

Free or low cost care facilitaties in which people can obtain treatment

community health care centers/halfway houses

8

Specific to one or more societies

culture-bound

9

Fear that you genitals are shrinking into your abdomen

Koro

10

Episodes of intense sadness and brooding followed by uncontrolled behaviour and unprovoked attacks on people or animals

amok

11

Psychiatric diagnoses:
1 - _______ the psychological problem a person is facing
2 - Make it _____ for mental health professionals to communicate

pinpoint
easier

12

What are 4 misconceptions about psychiatric diagnoses?

1) Pigeonholing
2) unreliable
3) invalid
4) Stigmatize people

13

the extent to which different raters agree on a patient's diagnosis

interrater reliability

14

Rule out medically induced psychological disorders prior to diagnosis.

Think organic

15

Percentage of people in a population with a disorder.

prevalence

16

Acknowledges the interplay of biological, psychological and social influences.

biopsychosocial approach

17

As student's become more familiar with pathologes, the become more aware and paranoid of bodily processes

medical student's syndrome

18

What is the most common anxiety disorder?

phobia

19

Faking mental illness

malingering

20

condition marked by motor tics, and vocal tics

tourette's disorder

21

Depression is less common in _____ people than in ______ people.

older, younger

22

Who came up with this?
People with depression often elicit hostility and rejection from others, which in turn maintains or worsens their depression.
People with depression seek excessive reassurance and tend to stir up negative feelings in others.

Coyne

23

Proposes that depression results from a low rate of response-contingent positive reinforcement

behavioural model (Lewinson)

24

Theory that depression is caused by negative beliefs and expectations.

cognitive model of depression

25

Three components of depressed thinking:
negative view of: oneself, the world, the future

cognitive triad

26

skewed ways of thinking - legit think of nightmare glasses

cognitive distortions

27

seen in more mild cases of depression - these individuals have a more accurate view of circumstances

depressive realism

28

people who are not depressed tend to have less realistic expectations of their capacities

illusory control

29

Depressed persons tend to think their failures are general and fixed aspects of their personalities

global-stable

30

What might be the stress gene?

Serotonin transporter gene

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