Psychology - Chapter 9: Intelligence and IQ testing - important concepts Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychology - Chapter 9: Intelligence and IQ testing - important concepts Deck (17):
1

What type of intelligence is used with we try to solve a puzzle we've never seen for the first time?

Fluid intelligence

2

What is used when computing IQ for adults?

Deviation IQ

3

People with a low level of this may have difficulty maintaining good health behaviours.

Health litteracy

4

IQ distribution tends to follow what type of distribution?

Bell-curve

5

Many advocate for the inclusion of what for intellectual disability?

Gullibility

6

Studies with intact families do not allow us to distinguish what?

Genes from the environment

7

Galton believed that intelligence was related to what?

Sensory ability

8

Intelligence consists of abilities to what?

- Reason abstractly
- Learn to adapt to novel environmental circumstances
- Acquire knowledge
- Benefit from experience

9

At high levels of environmental deprivation, the effects of ________ on intelligence may largely swamp out the effects of ________

environment
genes

10

What is a confound for adoption studies?

Selective placement

11

Environmental influences to intelligence include what?

Social environments and the biological environment

12

Most content that ________ influences are responsible for the Flynn effect.

Environmental

13

What are the possible environmental influences responsible for the Flynn effect?

1 - increased test sophistication
2 - Increased complexity of the modern world
3 - Better nutrition
4 - Changes at home and school

14

Do men have higher IQs, on average, than women?

no

15

Why can't we use race as a basis for inferring any given person's IQ?

1 - Science cannot answer claims of racial superiority (can determine origin of racial differences only)
2 - IQ differences between races are narrowing
3 - Variability within races > variability among races

16

Most evidence suggests that racial differences in IQ are largely or entirely ________ in origin.

Environmental

17

Divergent thinking and convergent thinking are both measures of what?

Creativity

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