Flashcards in Psychology - Chapter 9: Intelligence and IQ testing - important concepts Deck (17)
What type of intelligence is used with we try to solve a puzzle we've never seen for the first time?
What is used when computing IQ for adults?
People with a low level of this may have difficulty maintaining good health behaviours.
IQ distribution tends to follow what type of distribution?
Many advocate for the inclusion of what for intellectual disability?
Studies with intact families do not allow us to distinguish what?
Genes from the environment
Galton believed that intelligence was related to what?
Intelligence consists of abilities to what?
- Reason abstractly
- Learn to adapt to novel environmental circumstances
- Acquire knowledge
- Benefit from experience
At high levels of environmental deprivation, the effects of ________ on intelligence may largely swamp out the effects of ________
What is a confound for adoption studies?
Environmental influences to intelligence include what?
Social environments and the biological environment
Most content that ________ influences are responsible for the Flynn effect.
What are the possible environmental influences responsible for the Flynn effect?
1 - increased test sophistication
2 - Increased complexity of the modern world
3 - Better nutrition
4 - Changes at home and school
Do men have higher IQs, on average, than women?
Why can't we use race as a basis for inferring any given person's IQ?
1 - Science cannot answer claims of racial superiority (can determine origin of racial differences only)
2 - IQ differences between races are narrowing
3 - Variability within races > variability among races
Most evidence suggests that racial differences in IQ are largely or entirely ________ in origin.