Chapter 15- Second Half Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15- Second Half Deck (26):
0

Terror management theory

Proposes that faith in one's worldview and the pursuit of self-esteem provide protection against deeply rooted fear of death

1

Humanistic perspective

Focuses on the ways of healthy growth potential

2

Abraham Maslow

Develop self actualization

3

Self actualization

The ultimate psychological need that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the desire to fulfill one's potential

4

Carl Rogers

Believed that a growth promoting climate requires 3 conditions,
Acceptance
Genuineness
Empathy

5

Unconditional positive regard

Attitude of total acceptance towards another person

6

Self-concept

All our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question "who am I? "

7

Trait

Characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories and he reports

8

Gordon Allport

Defines personality in terms of identifiable behavior patterns

9

Factor analysis

Statistical procedure used to identify clusters of traits that go together

10

Personality inventories

A questionnaire on which people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors used to determine selected personality traits

11

MMPI

The most widely researched and clinically used personality test, designed to identify abnormal behavior

12

Empirically derived test

A test developed by testing a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between groups

13

The big five

Openness
Conscientiousness- organizational
Extraversion- introverted vs extroverted
Agreeableness
Neuroticism-emotional stability

14

Social cognitive perspective

View behavior as influenced by the interaction between persons and their social context

15

Reciprocal determinism

The interacting influences between personality and environmental factors

16

Personal control

Our sense of controlling our environment rather than feeling helpless

17

External locus of control

The perception that chance or outside forces beyond one's personal control determine one's fate

18

Internal locus of control

Perception that one controls ones own fate

19

Learned helplessness

The hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to avoid repeated aversive events

20

Positive psychology

Scientific study of optimal human functioning
Aims to discover and promote strengths and urges that enable individual and communities to thrive

21

Spotlight effect

Overestimating others noticing evaluating our appearance, performance, and blunders

22

Self-esteem

One's feelings of high or low self-worth

23

Self-serving bias

A readiness to perceive oneself favorably

24

Myers Briggs test

Personality test focuses on how a person takes information and makes decisions, and focuses on a person's day to day lifestyle

25

Martin Seligman

Developed positive psychology