Chapter 7 (consciousness) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 (consciousness) Deck (49):
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Consciousness

Our awareness of ourselves and our environment

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Biological Rhythms

Periodic physiological fluctuations

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Circadian Rhythm

The biological clocks; regular bodily rhythms

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Non-Rem Sleep

Stages 1-4 of the sleep cycle

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REM Sleep

Rapid eye movement sleep, a sleep stage where dreams commonly occur a.k.a. Paradoxical sleep

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Alpha Waves

The relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed awake state

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Sleep

Periodic, natural, reversible loss of consciousness

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Hallucinations

False sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus

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Delta Waves

The large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep

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Insomnia

Reoccurring problems in falling or staying asleep

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Narcolepsy

A sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks, victim may lapse directly into REM sleep

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Sleep Apnea

A sleep disorder characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and repeated momentary awakenings

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Night Terrors

A sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified, they are seldom remembered

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Dream

A sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping persons mind

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Freud's Wish-Fulfillment

Wishes fulfilled within dreams that provides a psychic safety valve that discharges otherwise unacceptable feelings

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Manifest Content

The remembered story line of a dream

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Latent Content

The underlying meaning of a dream, functions as a safety value

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Information Processing

Dreams may sift, sort, and fix the day's experiences in our memory

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Physiological Functions

Brain activity of REM sleep provide the sleeping brain periodic stimulation

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Activation-Synthesis

Neural activity is random, dreams are the brain's attempt to make sense of it

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Cognitive Development

Dreams are a part of brain maturation and cognitive development

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REM Rebound

The tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation

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Hypnosis

A social interaction in high one person (the hypnotists) suggests to another (the subject) that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur

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Anton Mesmer

Given credit for discovering hypnosis, fonie, linked to skepticism linked to hypnosis

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Posthypnotic Suggestion

Suggestion made during a hypnosis session, to be carried out after the subject is no longer hypnotized; used by some clinicians to help control undesired symptoms and behaviors

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Social Influence Theory

Hypnotic phenomena are not unique to hypnosis, they are an extension of everyday social behavior
Theodor barber

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Ernest Hilgard

Believed that hypnosis involved social influence and a special state of dissociated (divided) consciousness

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Dissociation (Divided-Consciousness Theory)

A split in consciousness which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others
Hilgard

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Theodore Barber

Associated with social influence theory

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Age Regression

Via hypnosis, the ability to relive childhood experiences

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Psychoactive Drug

A chemical substance that alters perceptions and mood

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Tolerance

The diminishing effect with regular use of the same close of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger douses before experiencing the drugs effects

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Withdrawal

The discomfort and distress that follow discounting the use of an addictive drug

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Physical Dependence

A physiological need for a drug marked by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the drug is discontinued

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Psychological Dependence

A psychological need to use a drug, such as to relieve negative emotions

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Addiction

Compliance drug craving and use

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Depressants

Drugs that reduce neural activity and slow body functions

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Barbiturates

Tranquilizer; Drugs that depress the central nervous system, reducing anxiety, but impairing memory and judgement

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Opiates

They depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety, morphine/heroin

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Stimulants

Drugs that excite neural activity and speed up body functions

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Amphetamines

Drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeds up body functions, associated energy, and mood changes

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Methamphetamines

A powerfully addictive drug that stimulates the central nervous system speeding up body functions and associated energy and mood changes

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Ecstasy (MDMA)

stimulant and hallucinogen, produces social intimacy, short term health risks and long term harm to serotonin-producing neurons and to mood cognition

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Hallucinogens

Psychedelic drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the a sense if sensory input

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LSD

A powerful hallucinogen drug; also know as acid

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THC

The major active ingredient in marijuana; triggers a variety of effects, including mild hallucinogens

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Near-Death Experience

An altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death; often similar to drug induced hallucinations

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Dualism

The mind and body are two distinct entities that interact

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Monism

The mind and body are different aspects of the same thing