Chapter 15- First Half Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15- First Half Deck (27):
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Personality

All individuals characteristic pattern of thinking feeling and acting

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Sigmund Freud

Influence Western culture, developed the psycho analytic theory, the first comprehensive theory of personality

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Free association

In psychoanalysis, method of exploring the unconscious where people relax and say whatever comes to mind

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Psychoanalysis

Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts

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Unconscious

Part of the mind that contains material that we are unaware of but strongly influences our behavior

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ID

unconscious system of personality, consists of basic sexual and aggressive drives (devil)

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Ego

conscious division of personality that attempts to mediate between the demands of the Id superego and reality (umpire) balance the demands

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Super ego

Part of the personality that contains the conscience and develops by incorporating the perceived moral standards of society (angel)

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Psychosexual stages

The childhood stages of development parentheses oral, anal, phallic, latency, genitalia parentheses during which the IDs pleasure seeking energies focused on distinct erogenous zones

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Oedipus complex

A boy sexual desire towards his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father

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Identification

The process by which children incorporate their parents values into their developing super egos

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Fixate

A lingering focus of pleasure seeking energies earlier psychosexual stage where conflicts were unresolved

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Defense mechanisms

Specific means by which the ego unconsciously protects itself against unpleasant impulses or circumstances

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Repression

In psychoanalytic theory the basic defense mechanism in the banishes anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness

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Regression

Psychoanalytic defense mechanism in which an individual faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psychosexual stage
"Whine like a baby"

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Reaction formation

"The opposite" causes ego to unconsciously switch unacceptable impulses into their opposites

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Projection

When people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others
"Projecting" ones own flaws to another

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Rationalization

Defense mechanism that offers self justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for one's actions

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Displacement

Psychoanalytic defense mechanism of that shift sexual or aggressive impulses towards a more acceptable or less threatening object or person, redirecting towards a safer outlet
When upset directing anger to another person/thing that is not at fault

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Alfred Adler

Inferiority complex-a pattern of avoiding feelings of inadequacy rather than trying to over come them
If people get things handed to them and don't do things

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Karen Horney

Penis envy, believed that the social tensions and the people who surround us everyday allows for us to develop a personality
Childhood anxiety triggers our desire for love

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Carl Jung

Focused on the part of the mind that is universal to all and developed the collective unconscious

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Collective unconscious

Carl Jungs concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species history

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Projective tests

A personality test, the Tat, provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of one's own interpretation- answer freely

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TAT

Thematic appreciation test (TAT) projective test which people express their inner feelings and interests through stories they make up about ambiguous scenes

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Rorschach inkblot test

Most widely used projective test, a set of 10 inkblots, designed by Hermann Rorschach; seeks to identify peoples inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the inkblots

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Objective personality test

A forced choice test designed to study personality characteristics