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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (31):
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Intelligence

The ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations

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Reification

Viewing an abstract immaterial concept as if it were a concrete thing

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Factor analysis

Procedure that identifies clusters of related factors on a test

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Charles Spearman

First person to identify an intelligence theory, created the g-factor

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General Intelligence

Mental abilities measured by every day tasks on an intelligence test

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L. L. Thurstone

Rejected G-factor, determined there were 7 different mental abilities

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Howard Gardner

Supports Thurston, Gardner has his own 8 characteristics, believes brain damage may diminish abilities

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Savant Syndrome

A condition in which a person otherwise limited and mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as drawing

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Robert Sternberg

Agrees with Gardner, but states there are three categories
Practical, analytical, and creative

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Emotional Intelligence

The ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions

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Creativity

The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas

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Intelligence tests

Assess individual's mental aptitude and compares them with those of others

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Alfred Binet

Created the IQ test, and concept of mental age

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Mental Age

The chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance

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Lewis Terman

Revised Binets original IQ, made the Stanford-Binet test

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Stanford-Binet

The widely used American revision of Binets original test

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Intelligence Quotient (IQ)

Rate of mental age to chronological age multiplied by 100, the average score is 100

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Aptitude tests

A test designed to predict a person's future performance

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Achievement tests

A test designed to assess what a person has learned

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Weschsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

Most widely used intelligence test; contains a verbal and performance (non-verbal) subtest

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Standardization

Defining a meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested sub standardize group

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The Flynn effect

Intelligence test performance has been improving

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Normal curve

The symmetrical bell shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes

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Reliability

The extent to which a test yields consistent results

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Validity

The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to do

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Content validity

The extent to which a test samples (mimics) the behavior that is of interest

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Criterion

The behavior that a test is designed to predict, example; grades in college to the AC T

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Predictive validity

The success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict

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Mental retardation

A condition of limited mental ability; indicated by an intelligence test score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life

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Down syndrome

Hey condition of retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in one's genetic makeup

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Stereotype threat

Hey self confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype