Chapter 9- Second half (memory) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9- Second half (memory) Deck (24):
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Iconic Memory

Visual sensory memory that lasts for 1-2 seconds

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Echoic Memory

Auditory sensory memory that lasts for 3-4 seconds

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George Miller

Discovered the magical number 7 (our short term memory typically only stores 7 digits or bits of info

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Long-Term Potentiation (LTP)

An increase in synapses firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation

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Amnesia

The loss of memory

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Implicit memory

Knowing/remembering a skill independent of conscious recollection

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Explicit memory

Memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare" (declarative memory)

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Hippocampus

Enduro center that is located in the limbic system and helps process explicit memories for storage

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Cerebellum

Plays a key role in forming and storing the implicit memories created by classical conditioning

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Recognition

A measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned
"Matching"

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Recall

A measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier
"Fill in the blank"

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Relearning

A memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second

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Déjà vu

In Yeary sense of "I've experienced this before "cues from the current situation Mesa consciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience

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Priming

Activation, often unconscious,a substance that prepares something for use or action, in particular

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Mood congruent memory

The tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad

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State dependent memory

What we learned in one state is sometimes more easily recalled when we are again in that state

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Ebbinghaus

Retention curve, rehearsal increases, learning time decreases

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Proactive interface

The disruptive effect of prior learning on the recall of new information

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Retroactive interference

The dispute effect of new learning on the recall of old information

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Repression

The basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness and anxiety arousing thoughts feelings and memories

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Loftus

A psychologists known specifically for her work with memory

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Freud

Repression of memory

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Missinformation effect

Incorporating misleading information into one's memory of an event

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Source amnesia

Attributing to the wrong source in the event we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined (misattribution), at the heart of many false memories