States Of Consciousness Flashcards Preview

Psychology Vocab > States Of Consciousness > Flashcards

Flashcards in States Of Consciousness Deck (38):
1

Latent content

Emotional significance and underlying meaning of the dream

2

William James in consciousness

Referred to consciousness as stream of thought

3

Robert Sternberg in terms of consciousness

Referred to consciousness as a mental Realty, consciousness serves to establish our personal identity

4

Preconscious level

Information that is available to consciousness but that is not always in consciousness

5

Controlled processing

When we are very aware of what we are doing

6

Automatic processing

When performing task mechanically such as brushing our teeth

7

Sleep

An altered state of consciousness

8

Melatonin

In neurochemical that plays a role in sleep, melatonin is released at the site of no light, so at night more melatonin is released allowing us to sleep

9

Circadian rhythm

Natural day/night rhythm a 24 hour clock

10

Electroencephalogram (EEG)

Used to measure brain waves, provides a picture of electrical activity of the brain

11

Beta waves

Visible while awake and focused

12

Alpha waves

Visible one awake but more relaxed

13

Theta waves

Occurs when we sleep

14

Sleep spindles

Appear in stage to sleep, but broken up by K complexes

15

K complexes

Large slow waves

16

Stage 3 & 4 sleep

Delta waves become visible

17

REM sleep

Rapid eye movement, the last stage of sleep, a paradoxical sleep

18

States of consciousness

Allow us to evaluate the environment into filter information from the environment through our mind, while being aware of the occurrence of this complex process

19

Aserinsky & Kleitman

Researchers that discovered that eyes move vigorously during REM sleep

21

Time for each sleep cycle

Roughly 90 minutes

22

William Dement

Discovered REM rebound

23

Insomnia

Inability to fall asleep or maintain sleep

24

Narcolepsy

Inability to stay awake, overcome by sleep attacks

25

Sleep apnea

Repeatedly stops breathing while sleeping, sudden infant death syndrome, Sid's, can be linked to sleep apnea

26

Sleepwalking/ somnambulism

Occurs when an individual walks around sometimes talking all while sleeping

26

Manifest content

The storyline and imagery of the dream, offers insight to the unconscious process

27

Latent content

emotional significance underlying meaning of the dream

28

Activation-synthesis hypothesis of dreaming

dreams are the product of our awareness of neural activity due to sensory input

29

Nightmare

elaborate dream sequence that produces a high level of anxiety or fear for the dreamer

30

Night terrors

Characterized by screaming, crying, and jerking/lunging movements while asleep, occurs in stage 4

31

Hypnosis

an altered state of consciousness in which the hypnotized person is very relaxed and open to suggestion

32

Posthypnotic suggestion

instructions are given to people while they are hypnotized that are to be implemented after they wake

33

Hilgard's theory of the hidden obsever

defines the neodissociative theory

34

Neodissociative theory

the mind is divided into two parts
1; obeys the hypnotist
2; remains as the hidden observer observing everything

35

Review Psychoactive drugs from Lund's lessons

Review

36

Dependence

when an individual continues using a drug despite overarching negative consequences in order to avoid unpleasant physical and/or psychological feelings associated with not taking it- also known to as addicitoin

37

Tolerance

when increasingly larger doses are needed in order for the same effect to occur

38

Withdrawal

the process of weaning off a drug, often involves physical and psychological symptoms of a highly unpleasant nature