Chapter 4- Second Half Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4- Second Half Deck (27):
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Critical Period

And optimal period, Shortly after birth when organisms exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produces proper development

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Imprinting

When certain animals form attachments during a critical period very early in life, only occurs in animals

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Basic trust

According to Erick Erickson, a sense that the world is predictable and trustworthy, said to be formed during infancy

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Self-concept

A sense of one's identity and personal worth

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Authoritarian parents

Harsh rules, harsh punishments, strict, when asked to explain reasoning "because I said so"

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Permissive parents

Too laid back, baby their kid,

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Authoritative parents

A happy medium, have set rules, but are willing to part with them if given good reason, a team of parent and child

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Adolescence

The transition period from childhood to adult hood, extending from puberty to independence

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Puberty

The period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing

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Primary sex traits

The body structures (ovaries, testes, and external genitalia) that makes sexual reproduction possible

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Secondary sex traits

Non-reproductive sexual characteristics, such as female breasts and hips, male voice quality and body hair

11

Lawrence Kohlberg

Developed moral reasoning, the thinking that occurs as we consider right and wrong

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Preconventional morality

During this stage of character development, children obey either to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards (before age 9)

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Conventional morality

By this stage of character development, children uphold laws and social rules simply because they are the laws and rules (early adolescence)

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Postconventional morality

By young adulthood (15-16) people begin to affirm their own agreed-upon rights or follow what one personally perceived as basic ethical principles

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Menarche

The first menstrual period

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Eric Erickson

Developmental psychologist,
Created an 8-stage theory, help explain development from birth to death

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Identity

One sense of self, find a comfortable sense of who one is

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Intimacy

In Erikson's theory, The ability to form close, loving relationships, a primary developmental task in late adolescence and early adulthood

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Menopause

The time of natural cessation of menstruation

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Alzheimer's disease

The progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized by gradual deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and finally, physical functioning

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Cross-sectional study

A study in which people of different ages are compared with one another

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Longitudinal Study

Research in which the same people are tested and retested over a long period

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Crystallized intelligence

Ones accumulated knowledge and verbal skills, tends to increase with age

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Fluid intelligence

One's ability to reason speedily and abstractly, tends to decrease during late adulthood

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Social clock

Culturally preferred timing social events such as marriage, parenthood, and retirement

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Jake Bauerle

I'm str8