Chapter 18- Second Half Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18- Second Half Deck (29):
0

Outgroup

"Them "– those perceived as different or apart from one's ingroup

1

Ingroup

"Us" -people with whom one shares a common identity

2

In-group bias

The tendency to favor one's own group

3

Scapegoat theory

The theory of the prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing some to blame

4

Just-world phenomenon

The tendency of people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get

5

Aggression

Any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy

6

Frustration-aggression principle

The principle that frustration (the blocking of an attempt to achieve some goal)creates anger, which can generate aggression

7

Conflict

A perceived incompatibility of actions, goals, or ideas

8

Social traps

A situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally pursuing their self-interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior

9

Mere-exposure effect

The phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them
The more time you spend with something the more you will like it, an "acquired taste"

10

Passionate love

An aroused state of intense positive absorption in another person, usually present at the beginning of a love relationship

11

Companionate love

The deep affection attachment you feel for those with whom our lives are intertwined

12

Equity

A condition in which people received from a relationship in proportion to what they give

13

Self-disclosure

Revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others

14

Altruism

Unselfish regard for the welfare of others

15

Bystander effect

The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present

16

Social exchange theory

Theory that our social behavior is an exchange process, the aim of which is to maximize benefits and minimize cost

17

Reciprocity Norm

An expectation that people will, not hurt, those who have helped them

18

Social responsibility norm

Expectation that people will help those dependent upon them

19

Superordinate goals

Shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation

20

GRIT

Graduated in reciprocated initiatives intention-reduction-a strategy designed to decrease international tensions

21

Genetic influences

Aggression may be a genetic, possibly linked to the Y chromosome

22

Neural influence

Some centers in the brain, especially be the limbic system, amygalda, and the frontal lobe are involved in aggression

23

Biochemical influence

Testosterone and how it relates to aggression, injection of testosterone increases aggression

24

Aversive events

Humans experience unpleasant events makes one person feel miserable, that person then makes others feel miserable as well

25

Environment

Temperature can lead to aggression, higher temp= higher aggression levels

26

Proximity

Geographic nearness promotes attraction
Relates to mere exposure

27

Physical attraction

It increases opportunities for interaction

28

Similarity

Similar attitudes and interests increase attraction