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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (47):
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Psychotherapy

An emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suggest from psychological difficulties

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Biomedical therapy

Prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system

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Eclectic approach

An approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy
Eclectic- a variety

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Psychoanalysis

Involves an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties

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Sigmund Freud

Created psychoanalysis which was the first of the psychological therapies

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Free association

Psychoanalysis, method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind

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Resistance

In psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material

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Interpretation

In psychoanalysis the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight

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Transference

In psychoanalysis, the patients' transfer to the analyst of their emotions from other relationships such as love or hatred for a parent

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Client- centered therapy

A humanistic therapy developed by Carl Rogers in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate a clients growth

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Carl Rogers

Believed that people are basically good and are endowed with self actualizing tendency

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Active listening

Empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies, a feature of Rogers client centered therapy

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Behavioral therapy

Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
Used to treat anxiety disorders

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Counter conditioning

A behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors-based on classical conditioning
Little Albert experiment, retraining something from a previous response to a specific stimulus

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Exposure therapy

Behavioral techniques such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid -repeated exposure
The guy who was afraid of dogs

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Systematic desensitization

A type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli-used to treat phobias

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Virtual reality exposure therapy

An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations(key word) of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking

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Aversive conditioning

A type of counter conditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior
The nausea w/ alcohol example

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Cognitive therapies

Therapy that teaches people adaptive ways of thinking and acting, based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
Link to depression

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Cognitive-behavior therapy

Cognitive therapists often combine the reversal of self-defeated thinking with efforts to modify behavior
Used for OCD

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Group therapy

Helps ppl relate to others so they do not feel alone, gives ppl the chance to receive feedback from others and try new coping methods

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Family therapy

Therapy that treats the family as a system, views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships and improved communication

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Regression toward the mean

Tendencies for extremes of unusual scores to fall back (regress) toward their average

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Meta-analysis

A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies

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EMDR

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing; used w/ PTSD has people follow a moving light with their eye, it appears to be more placebo than anything

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Light exposure therapyb

Treatment involves being exposed to daily doses of concentrated light to alleviate symptoms of depression due to lacks of sunlight/ vitamin D

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Psychopharmacology

The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior

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Placebo effect

Experiment results caused by expectations alone

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Double-blind study

1/2 the patients receive the drug, the other half receives placebo, neither the administrators nor the patient know which group received which treatment

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Antipsychotic drugs

Used to calm psychotic patients, helps patients experience positive symptoms, dampening their responsiveness to stimuli which do not exist

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Tardive Dyskinesia

Involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target D2 dopamine receptors

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Anti-anxiety drugs

Calms people down from a state of anxiety

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Antidepressant drugs

These drugs lift people from a state of depression, increased the availability of norepinephrine or serotonin, these neurotransmitters elevate arousal and mood, they are scarce during depression

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SSRI's

(Selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors) A type of anti-depressant/anti-anxiety drug, these drugs slow/blocks the synaptic absorbing of serotonin

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Lithium

So that you can be effective mood stabilizer for those suffering from bipolar disorder

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Electroconvulsive therapy

ECT; a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient

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Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

rTMS; the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain, used to stimulate or suppress brain activity

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Psychosurgery

Surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort t change behavior

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Lobotomy

A now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional of violent patients, the procedure cut the nerves that connect the frontal loves to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain

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Token economy

An operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token (exchangeable for a reward) for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats

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The six therapies

Psychoanalysis
Humanistic
Behavioral
Cognitive
Group/Family
Biomedical

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Humanistic therapy

Helping people grow to self fulfillment and self acceptance, founded by Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow

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Stress inoculation training

Trains ppl to restructure their thinking during a stressful situations

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Stress inoculation training

Trains ppl to restructure their thinking during a stressful situations

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Which neurotransmitter is affected by antipsychotic medications?

Dopamine

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What neurotransmitter is affected by the treatment of anti-anxiety medication?

Gada

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Which neurotransmitter is affected by he treatment for antidepressant drug?

Serotonin- relates to be SSRI's