Flashcards in Chapter 19: Toxicology Deck (49)
What is the first question you should ask a person suspected of ingesting a poison such a lye?
what substances did you take
Opioids are medications with actions similar to:
Essentially, poisons get into the patient's body by inhalation, injection, ingestion, and:
oisons that come in contact with the surface of the body can affect the patient in many ways. Therefore, it is important to distinguish between contact absorption and:
If local protocol allows you to administer activated charcoal, you should administer the premixed suspension in a
covered cup with a straw
Which of the four avenues of poisoning can be the most worrisome?
Treatment of poison focuses on support. The EMT must assess and maintain the ABCs, being sure to monitor the patients
The "street" name for crack cocaine, amphetamine, and methamphetamine is:
________ is one of the most addicting substances known.
Signs and symptoms of sympathomimetics include all of the following except:
Approximately what percentage of poisonings is by mouth?
What is the most commonly abused drug in the United States?
___ poisoning affects 5 million children and adults per year
___ poisoning is much more common
rates of death caused by poisoning have ____ in children
rates of death caused by poisoning have ____ in adults
____ is the study of toxic or poisonous substances
a _____ is any substance whose chemical action can damage body structures or impair body function
common complication of substance abuse is
overdose is when a patient
takes a toxic dose of a drug
your primary responsibility with a poisoned patient is to
recognize that poisoning has occurred
once you recognize that poisoning has occurred you should
notify medical control and begin emergency treatment
when trying to determine the nature of the poison look around the immediate area for
overturned bottles, needles, scattered pills, overturned plant
____ can provide critical info like:
name and concentration of drug
number of pills in bottle originally
if the patient vomits examine the contents for ____ and collect the vomitus in a plastic bag so it can be analyzed by the hospital
most important treatment for poisoning is ____ or _____ the poisonous agent
diluting or physically removing the poisonous agent
with inhalation poisoning move the patient into
some patients may need _____ after removal from the toxic environment
use a ______ to protect yourself
self contained breathing apparatus