Chapter 31: Obstetrics and Neonatal Care Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 31: Obstetrics and Neonatal Care Deck (57)
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1

____ or womb is responsible for contractions during labor and pushes the infant through the birth canal

uterus

2

_____ is made of the vagina and cervix

birth canal

3

the ____ completes the passageway from the uterus to the outside world for the infant

birth canal

4

the _____ is disk shaped and attached to inner lining of uterus. it is connected to the fetus by the umbilical cord

placenta

5

the _____ is the lifeline of the fetus

umbilical cord

6

the umbilical cord connects the ____ and the ____ through the _____

connects the woman and the fetus through the placenta

7

the ______ carries oxygen and blood from the woman to the heart of the fetus

umbilical vein

8

the _____ carry deoxygenated blood from the heart of the fetus to the woman

umbilical arteries

9

the fetus developed in a fluid-filled membrane called the

amniotic sac

10

there is about ____-____ ml of amniotic fluid in the amniotic sac that protects the floating fetus

500-1,000

11

normal changes during pregnancy involve these three systems

CV, respiratory, and musculoskeletal

12

in pregnancy ___ shift from their normal positions

organs

13

in the ____ trimester there is rapid uterine growth

2nd

14

there is ___ resp rate and ___ TV/minute volume

INC resp rate, DEC TV/minute volume

15

blood volume rate increases by __% and heart rate increases by ___% by the end of the third trimester

BV INC by 50% and HR INC by 20%

16

in the ____ trimester there is an increased risk of vomiting and potential aspiration following trauma due to changes in the GI tract

3rd

17

braxton hicks contractions are

false labor

18

what are the three stages of labor

dilation of cervix
delivery of infant
delivery of placenta

19

the first stage of labor begins with

onset of contractions as fetus enters the birth canal

20

the first stage of labor ends when

the cervix is fully dilated

21

the ____ is usually the longest (avg of 16 hours for first delivery)

first stage

22

at the end of the third trimester is ____ when the head of the fetus descends into the womans pelvis

lightening

23

the 2nd stage of labor begins when the

fetus begins to encounter the birth canal

24

the 2nd stage of labor ends when the

fetus is born

25

in the 2nd stage of labor contractions are

closer together and longer

26

in the 2nd stage of labor the ____ bulges significantly and the top of the infant's head begins to appear at the vaginal opening (crowning)

perineum

27

the 3rd stage of labor begins with the

birth of the infant

28

the 3rd stage of labor ends with the

delivery of the placenta

29

the placenta must completely separate from the

uterine wall

30

_____ is pregnancy induced hypertension

preeclampsia