Topic Exam 4 (Ch 15, 16, 17) Flashcards Preview

EMT Course > Topic Exam 4 (Ch 15, 16, 17) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topic Exam 4 (Ch 15, 16, 17) Deck (27):
1

hemoglobin is

found within the red blood cells and is responsible for carrying oxygen

2

injury to a hollow organ would most likely result in

leakage of contents into the abdominal cavity

3

you are treating a 40 year old male with documented blood sugar reading of 300 mg/dL. The patient is semiconscious and breathing shallowly, and is receiving assisted ventilations from your partner. You should recognize that definitive treatment for this patient includes

insulin

4

which of the following statements regarding the acute abdomen is correct
a. the most common cause of an acute abdomen is inflammation of the gallbladder
b. the parietal peritoneum is typically the first abdominal layer that becomes inflamed or irritated
c. the initial pain associated with an acute abdomen tends to be vague and poorly localized

c. the initial pain associated with an acute abdomen tends to be vague and poorly localized

5

which of the following organs would most likely bleed profusely if injured
liver
stomach
appendix

liver

6

you are caring for a semiconscious man with left-sided paralysis. His airway is patent and his respirations are 14 bpm with adequate TV. treatment should include

oxygen via NRB, LLR, transport

7

in _____ the RBC are abnormally shaped and less able to carry oxygen

sickle cell disease

8

to which of the following diabetic patients should you administer oral glucose
a. unconscious with cool clammy skin
b. conscious with nausea and vomiting
c. semiconscious with gag reflex
d. confused with tachycardia and pallor

d. confused with tachycardia and pallor

9

in contrast to insulin shock _____ can only be corrected in the hospital setting

diabetic coma

10

classic signs of _____ include cool, clammy skin; weakness; tachycardia; rapid respirations

hypoglycemia

11

patients with thrombophilia are at increased risk for _____

pulmonary embolism

12

erosion of protective layer of the stomach secondary to over activity of digestive juices results in

an ulcer

13

pain that may be perceived at a distant point on the surface of the body, such as the back or shoulder is called

referred pain

14

a patient who is possible experiencing a stroke is not eligible for thrombolytic therapy if he or she
a. has had a prior heart attack
b. is older than 60 yrs
c. has a GCS score less than 8
d. has bleeding within the brain

d. has bleeding within the brain

15

most patients with abdominal pain prefer to

lie on their side with their knees drawn into the abdomen

16

parietal peritoneum lines the

walls of the abdominal cavity

17

spleen, kidneys, and pancreas are ___ organs

solid

18

normal blood glucose level

80-120 mg/dL

19

absence seizure =

petit mal seizure

20

clinical sign most suggestive of ruptured cerebral artery

sudden, severe headache

21

esophageal varices occur most commonly in patients who

drink a lot of alcohol

22

mental status of a patient who has experienced a typical seizure is likely to

improve over a period of 5-30 min

23

spinal cord exits the cranium through the

foramen magnum

24

insulin

enables glucose to enter cells

25

patients with acute abdominal pain should not be given anything to eat or drink becase

substances in the stomach increase risk of aspiration

26

most basic body functions are controlled by the (breathing, BP, swallowing)

brain stem

27

area of swelling or enlargement in a weakened arterial wall is called

an aneurysm