Chapter 7: Principles of Pharmacology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7: Principles of Pharmacology Deck (55):
1

______ is the process by which medication works on the body

pharmacodynamics

2

____ is a medication that causes stimulation of receptors

agonist

3

______ is a medication that binds to a receptor and blocks other medications

antagonist

4

____ is the amount of medication that is given

dose

5

the dose depends on:
1.
2.
3.

1. patient's age
2. patient's weight
3. desired action

6

the generic name of a medication is

the original chemical name of the medication

7

the _____ is the registered brand name that a manufacturer gives to a drug

trade name

8

enteral medications enter the body through the ____

digestive system

9

parenteral medications enter the body through _____

some other means (ex, blood)

10

absorption is the

process by which medications travel through body tissues to the bloodstream

11

per rectum (PR)

by rectum

12

oral (PO)

by mouth, per os

13

intravenous injection (IV)

into the vein

14

intraosseous injection (IO)

into the bone

15

subcutaneous injection (SC, SQ, sub-q)

beneath the skin

16

intramuscular injection (IM)

into the muscle

17

inhalation

breathed into the lungs

18

sublingual (SL)

under the tongue

19

transcutaneous or transdermal

through the skin

20

intranasal (IN)

spray into the nostril

21

the _____ of the medication usually dictates the route of transmission

form

22

manufacturers choose the form to ensure:
1.
2.
3.

1. proper route of transmission
2. timing of its release into the blood
3. effects on the target organs or body systems

23

tablets/capsules are most medications given by

mouth

24

_____ contain other materials mixed with the medication and compressed

tablet

25

_____ are gelatin shells filled with powder or liquid medication

capsules

26

______ are a liquid mixture of one or more substances that cant be separated simply

solutiona

27

______ are a mixture of finely ground particles distributed evenly throughout a liquid by shaking or stirring but do not dissolve

suspensions

28

suspensions will _____ if they stand

separate

29

_____ are liquids or solids broken into small enough droplets or particles that they may be inhaled

MDI's

30

MDI's dispense the same amount of medication ______

each time it is used

31

list the six rights

1. right patient (patient who needs the medication is the one that gets it)
2. right medication (verify proper medication)
3. right dose (verify form and dose of medication)
4. right route (verify the route of medication)
5. right time (check expiration date and condition)
6. right documentation (document your actions and the patient's response)

32

NYS unit may carry these 8 medications

1. oxygen
2. oral glucose
3. aspirin
4. albuterol
5. activated charcoal
6. syrup of ipecac
7. epinephrine
8. narcan

33

three circumstances in which an EMT can administer medication

1. peer-assisted
2. patient-assisted
3. emt-administered

34

oral medications: advantage and disadvantage

A - easy to use
D- speed of absorption effected by vomiting or diarrhea

35

sublingual medications: advantage and disadvantages

A - quick absorption
D - constant airway evaluation
- choking hazard
- not for use with uncooperative or unconscious patient

36

intramuscular medications: advantage and disadvantage

A - quick and easy access to circulatory system without placing a needle in the vein
D - fear of needles

37

inhalation medications include

oxygen

38

oxygen is given either via ______ or ______ (if _____)

non-rebreathing mask or nasal cannula (if patient cannot tolerate non-rebreathing mask)

39

via non-rebreathing mask _____-____ L/min

12-15

40

via nasal cannula _____-_____ L/min

2-6

41

effects caused the medications other than the desired ones are called

side effects

42

what route delivers medication through the skin

transcutaneous

43

activated charcoal is an example of what form of medication

suspension

44

Which route of medication delivery is frequently used with children

per rectum

45

An oral pain medication is less useful than ________ when pain relief is needed within minutes

IV pain medication

46

Which of the following medications is prescribed for chest pain and is often given sublingually as a spray or a tablet?
- activated charcoal
- oral glucose
- epinephrine
- nitroglycerin

nitroglycerin

47

One of the newer delivery systems that come in prescription or OTC forms is

an adhesive patch

48

Tablets and capsules are typically taken by mouth and enter the bloodstream through the

digestive system

49

When administering nitroglycerin, each spray is equivalent to

one tablet

50

Which medication can have potentially fatal interactions with nitroglycerin

viagara

51

When administering or assisting in the administration of medication, it is important that you follow six steps. Before beginning, you must

obtain an order from medical direction

52

Regardless of the method used, epinephrine causes a burning sensation where it is injected. Following the injection, the patient's

heart rate will INC

53

EMTs are permitted to administer glucose in what form

gel

54

Before administering nitroglycerin, it is extremely important to first check the patient's

blood pressure

55

The medication administered most frequently by EMTs is

oxygen