Topic Exam 1 (Ch 1-6) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic Exam 1 (Ch 1-6) Deck (30):
1

standing orders should be followed when _____ is not needed

physician contact

2

in which of the following situations does the EMT NOT have a legal duty to act
a. as part of your EMS response to the residence of a patient who fell
b. you came upon a motor vehicle crash while off duty
c. a response to an injured patient while on duty with your ambulance service
d. local policy requires you to assist in any emergency

b. you came upon a motor vehicle crash while off duty

3

you are assessing a 75 year old woman with mild shortness of breath. as you are asking her questions regarding her chief complaint and medical history, you progressively move closer and closer to her. in doing this it is important to remember that as you physically get closer to the patient, a greater sense of trust must be established as some people feel their personal space is being ______

invaded

4

in what manner should you act and speak with a patient

calm and confident

5

the person who is ultimately responsible for authorizing EMTs to perform emergency medical care in the field is the

system medical director

6

EMS is a team of _______ who are responsible for providing emergency care and transportation to the sick and injured

health care professionals

7

movement or motion away from the body's midline

abduction

8

a 16 year old female complains of vaginal bleeding and abdominal cramping that began several hours ago. during your assessment interview you should...

inquire about the possibility of pregnancy (in private if possible)

9

a mentally competent adult has the _____ to refuse EMS care and transport

legal right to refuse

10

you and your partner respond to the residence of a 66 year old male with shortness of breath. as you are assessing the patient, his wife tells you that he was recently diagnosed with lung cancer. the patient is verbally abusive and tells you that the failure of the health care system caused his disease. what stage of the grieving process is this patient's behavior consistent with

anger

11

why does the incidence of diabetes mellitus increase with age:
____ physical activity
____ weight gain
and _____ insulin production

DEC physical activity
INC weight gain
and DEC insulin production

12

____ is when the neonate opens his or her arms wide, spreads his or her fingers, and seems to grasp at something after being startled

moro reflex

13

providing callers with life-saving instructions is a unique function of the _____ (__)

emergency medical dispatcher (EMD)

14

the nose, chin, umbilicus (navel) and spine are examples of _____ anatomic structures

midline

15

if an EMT did not make provisions for continued care of an injured or sick patient they would most likely be held liable for _____

abandonment

16

when communicating with an older patient it is important to remember that age-related changes ____ the effectiveness of the eyes and ears

DIMINISH

17

the simplest yet most effective method of preventing the spread of an infectious disease is to

wash your hand in between patient contacts

18

the patient care report ensures

continuity of care

19

the elbow is an example of a ___ joint

hinge

20

type of consent involved when a 39 year old mentally competent female with a severe headache asks you to take her to the hospital

expressed

21

in order for a DNR order to be valid in NYS it must be on ____ on a NYS-DOH approved "Out-of-Hospital" DNR form

paper

22

to minimize the risk of litigation the EMT should always provide ____ that meets _____

provide competent care that meets current standards

23

prescription glasses do not provide adequate eye protection from body fluids splashing because they

offer little or no side protection

24

OSHA requires that your employer offer the ____ vaccine free of charge

hepatitis B

25

what type of medical direction do standing orders and protocols describe

off-line

26

common questions asked by patients with serious illness or injury include all of the following except:
a. am i going to die?
b. why do i have to go to the hospital?
c. what are you doing to me?
d. will i be permanently disabled?

b. why do i have to go to the hospital? (denial)

27

which term is synonymous with dorsal

posterior

28

small infants are ____ and require clear nasal passages at all times

nose breathers

29

as an EMT you may be authorized to administer aspirin to a patient with chest pain based on your ____ and or ____ EMS protocols

state and or local EMS protocols

30

the ____ is composed of the skull, face, thorax, and vertebral column

axial skeleton