Chapter 15: Neurologic Emergencies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15: Neurologic Emergencies Deck (73)
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1

Stroke is a common cause of brain disorder that:

is potentially treatable

2

When assessing a scene, do not be distracted by the seriousness of the situation or by frightened family members who want you to rush. Look first for:

threats to your safety

3

The time of onset during a suspected stroke is critical because it helps determine:

whether the patient is a candidate for treatment with clot dissolving drugs

4

Petit mal seizures are also called:

absence seizures

5

Often, a patient may have experienced a warning prior to the seizure event. The warning is referred to as a(n):

aura

6

In some situations, the postical state may be characterized by hemiparesis or:

weakness on one side of the body, resembling a stroke.

7

In geriatric patients, you should consider a headache as:

potentially serious

8

A patient who almost always has an altered or decreased level of consciousness usually is suffering from:

hypoglycemia

9

Treat stroke and altered mental status (AMS) in children:

the same way you do for adults

10

You should always do at least three neurologic tests on patients you suspect of having a stroke. Which of the following is not correct?
a. Test their speech.
b. Test facial movement.
c. Test arm movement.
d. Check blood sugar if a glucose meter is available.

d. Check blood sugar if a glucose meter is available.

11

Headaches can be caused by which of the following conditions?
a. stroke
b. tumors
c. sinusitis
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

12

More than 80% of strokes are ________ strokes.

ischemic

13

In the mnemonic TIPS AEIOU, the first "I" stands for:

infection

14

more ____ than ____ have strokes

more men than women have strokes

15

but strokes are more fatal in

women

16

___ and _____ may also occur when there is a disorder in the brain

seizures and AMS

17

_____ can result from:
- head injury
- brain tumor
- metabolic problem
- genetic predisposition

seizures

18

the ___ is the body's computer

brain

19

list the three major parts of the brain

cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem

20

the cerebrum is divided into ____ which control _____

left and right hemispheres which control activities on opposite sides of the body

21

what do the following parts of the cerebrum control
- back
- left
- middle
- front

- back: sight
- left: speech
- middle: movement and touch
- front: thought and emotion

22

the cerebellum controls

muscle and body coordination

23

the brainstem controls

basic functions like breathing, BP, swallowing, pupil constriction

24

messages sent from the brain travel through the

nerves

25

the brain is very sensitive to changes in ___, ____, and ___

temperature, O2, and glucose

26

disorders caused by the heart and lungs will...

affect the entire brain

27

problem mainly in the brain will...

only affect that part of the brain

28

____ is one of the most common complaints you will hear from your patients in terms of pain

headache

29

a ____/____ headache requires assessment and transport

sudden/severe

30

_____, _____, _____ are the most common types of headaches and are not medical emergencies

sinus, tension, migraine