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Flashcards in Chapter 5: Human Body Deck (91):
1

anatomic position is when the patient stands facing _____, arms at the _____, and palms _____

anatomic position is when the patient stands facing you, arms at the side, and palms forward

2

list the three planes of the body

1. coronal plane
2. transverse (axial plane)
3. sagittal

3

the coronal place separates the body into

front and back

4

the transverse or axial plane separates the body into

top and bottom

5

the sagittal plane separates the body into

left and right

6

the front of the body is known as ______ or ______

anterior or ventral

7

the back of the body is known as ______ or _______

posterior or dorsal

8

______ = closest to the head

superior

9

______ = closest to the feet

inferior

10

______ is closest to the point of attachment

proximal

11

______ is furthest from the point of attachment

distal

12

_____ is closest to the midline

medial

13

_______ is furthest from the midline

lateral

14

_______ is closest to the surface of the skin

superficial

15

____ is farthest from the surface of the skin

deep

16

______ is the bending of a joint

flexion

17

______ is the straightening of a joint

extension

18

______ is the motion toward the midline

adduction

19

_____ is the motion away from the midline

abduction

20

_____ is face up

supine

21

______ is face down

prone

22

the shock position is a modified _______ with feet _____ inches higher than the _____

the shock position is a modified trendelenburg with feet 6-12 inches higher than the head

23

______ position is sitting up with knees bent

fowler's position

24

_____ position is on the left side

recovery

25

list the five functions of the skeletal system

1. form of the body
2. protection of organs
3. movement
4. calcium storage
5. creation of blood cells

26

ligaments connect ____ to ______

bone to bone

27

tendons connect ____ to ______

bone to muscle

28

the axial skeleton is made up of what three things

skull, spinal column, thorax

29

skull is made up of the _____ and ______

cranium (4 bones) and the facial bones (14 bones)

30

the ______ is the opening into the base of the skull where the spinal column enters

foramen magnum

31

the spinal column has _____ vertebrae

33

32

list the 5 sections of the spinal column and the number of vertebrae in each

1. cervical 7
2. thoracic 12
3. lumbar 5
4. sacrum 5 fused
5. coccyx 4 fused

33

the thorax contains the _______, _____, ______, and ______

heart, lungs, esophagus, and great vessels

34

appendicular skeleton consists of the
1.
2.
3.

1. upper extremity
2. pelvis
3. lower extremity

35

in the upper extremity is the
1.
2.
3.

1. shoulder
2. arm
3. wrist and hand

36

the shoulder is made of what 3 bones

clavicle, scapula, and humerus

37

the arm is made of what three bones

humerus, radius (lateral) and ulna (medial)

38

the wrist and hand are made of _____, ____, and ____

carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges

39

the pelvis consists of the ____ and 2 _____

sacrum and two pelvic bones

40

the lower extremity consists of the
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1. femur
2. knee
3. lower leg
4. ankle
5. foot

41

the lower leg consists of the _____ and ______

tibia and fibula (lateral)

42

the ankle is a ____ joint meaning it has ___ plane of motion

the ankle is a hinge joint meaning it has one plane of motion

43

ball and socket joints like the _____ have ____ and ____

ball and socket joints like the shoulder have rotation and bending

44

the musculoskeletal system gives ____, _____, and _____

form, posture, and movement

45

there are ____ muscles that attach to the skeleton

600

46

the _____ separates the upper airway from the lower airway

larynx

47

the right lung has ___ lobes and the left has ____

R lung - 3 lobes
L lung - 2 lobes

48

function of respiratory system is to provide ___ and eliminate _____

provide oxygen and eliminate CO2

49

respiration is _____

gas exchange

50

ventilation is the _____

movement of air

51

_____ is the amount of air in each breath (normal rate and depth)

TV - tidal volume

52

the systemic system brings oxygen rich blood from the ____ through the ___ and to the ____

oxygen rich blood from the LV through the body and to the RA

53

the pulmonary system brings oxygen poor blood from the ____ through the ____ and to the _____

oxygen poor blood from the RV through the lungs and to the LA

54

pulmonary arteries are ______ blood

deoxygenated

55

pulmonary veins are ______ blood

oxygenated

56

normal resting heart rate is

60-100 BPM

57

___ is the amount of blood moved in one beat

SV

58

___ is the amount of blood moved in 1 min

CO

59

CO = _____ *______

CO = SV *HR

60

the body moves ___ liters of blood in one minute

5-6

61

____ is the LV contracting into the aorta

systole

62

___ is the LV relaxing and filling with blood

diastole

63

the spleen is in the _____ and filters ____

LUQ and filters blood

64

the _____ is considered the most complex body system

nervous system

65

the nervous system is comprised of
1.
2.
3.

1. brain
2. spinal cord
3. nerves

66

the liver, gallbladder, and colon are in the ____

RUQ

67

the appendix is in the

RLQ

68

the stomach, spleen, and colon are in the

LUQ

69

______ is soft, semiflexible material that is within joints

cartilage

70

____ covers the lungs

pleura

71

the skeleton consists of ____ bones, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage

206 bones

72

list the three types of muscle

cardiac, smooth, and skeletal

73

list the 7 air passages of the respiratory system

1. nose
2. mouth
3. throat
4. larynx
5. trachea
6. bronchi
7. bronchioles

74

the respiratory system also includes
1.
2.
3.
4.

1. lungs
2. diaphragm
3. muscles of the chest wall
4. accessory muscles of breathing

75

the circulatory system includes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1. arteries
2. arterioles
3. capillaries
4. venules
5. veins

76

the ______ is the largest organ

integumentary system

77

functions of the integumentary system
1.
2.
3.

1. protection
2. temperature control
3. transmission of information to brain

78

the digestive system includes the
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

1. gi tract (stomach and intestines)
2. mouth
3. salivary glands
4. pharynx
5. esophagus
6. liver
7. gall bladder
8. pancreas
9. rectum
10. anus

79

______ is the study of how the body reacts to disease

pathophysiology

80

_____ can only proceed with oxygen

aerobic metabolism

81

____ can occur without the presence of oxygen and produces ____

anaerobic metabolism, produces ATP

82

the portion of the thorax that is anterior and midline is referred to as the

manubrium, xiphoid process, and sternum

83

the _____ divides the abdomen from the thorax, contracts to allow air to be drawn into the lungs, and forces air out during relaxation

diaphragm

84

the intestines have ____ muscle

smooth

85

brain stem uses the level of ____ in the blood stream to control respirations

CO2

86

the blood vessel that returns to the heart with oxygen rich blood

pulmonary vein

87

the most muscular chamber of the heart

left ventricle

88

cranial nerves are a part of the ___ NS

PNS

89

the brain controls the body through the endocrine system by controlling the release of

hormones

90

total lung capacity of the average adult male is ____ mL

6000

91

the circulation of blood in an organ or tissue in adequate amounts to meet the cells current needs is called

perfusion