Chapter 14: CV Emergencies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14: CV Emergencies Deck (70)
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1

Which of the following ways to help reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) deaths is false?
a. early access
b. increased number of laypeople trained in CPR
c. nitroglycerin available for laypeople and EMTs to give on arrival
d. public access defibrillation

c. nitroglycerin available for laypeople and EMTs to give on arrival

2

Chest pain or discomfort that is related to the heart usually stems from a condition called ischemia or:

insufficient oxygen

3

An acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a classic heart attack. Infarction is:

death of tissue

4

Generally speaking, most patients with chest pain should be transported:

immediately

5

If a pacemaker does not function properly, as when the battery wears out, the patient may experience syncope, presenting with a pulse less than:

60 BPM

6

When an error occurs while using an AED, it is usually the operator's fault. The most common error is:

not having charged the battery

7

If you are transporting a patient while performing CPR, before you can use an AED in the ambulance you must:

stop the vehicle

8

If you are en route with a conscious adult patient who is having chest pain and becomes unconscious, the first step is to:

check pulse

9

The disorder in which calcium and cholesterol build up and form a plaque inside the walls of blood vessels is called:

atherosclerosis

10

Before administering nitroglycerin, it is important to ensure that the patient's systolic blood pressure is greater than ________ mm Hg.

100

11

hearts job is to

pump blood to supply oxygen enriched RBC to tissues of the body

12

____ receive incoming blood

atrium

13

____ pump outgoing blood

ventricle

14

R side of heart pumps ___ blood to the ____

deoxy blood to lungs

15

L side of heart pumps ____ blood to the ____

oxy blood to the body

16

the ____ receives blood from the LV and delivers it to all other arteries

aorta

17

the pulmonary artery has ___ blood

deoxygenated

18

the pulmonary vein has ____ blood

oxygenated

19

____ is cardiac muscle

myocardium

20

_____ is spontaneous contraction of myocardium

automaticity

21

impulses come from the ___ node

sinoatrial (SA)

22

if the demand for oxygen of the heart INC the coronary arteries ____

dilate

23

____ controls involuntary activities of the body

ANS

24

ANS is broken into ____ and ____

SNS and parasympathetic NS

25

the SNS is ____/____

fight/flight

26

the SNS:
- ____ HR
- ____ breaths/min
- _____ BV in muscles
- _____ BV in digestive system

- INC HR
- INC breaths/min
- dilates BV in muscles
- constricts BV in digestive system

27

the parasympathetic NS:
- ____ HR
- ____ breaths/min
- _____ BV in muscles
- _____ BV in digestive system

- DEC HR
- DEC breaths/min
- constricts BV in muscles
- dilates BV in digestive system

28

___ describes the volume of blood ejected with each ventricular contraction

SV

29

INC SV = INC ____

CO

30

____ are the BV that supply blood to the heart muscle

coronary arteries