Chapter 23: Bleeding Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 23: Bleeding Deck (13):
1

The cardiovascular system contains all of the following EXCEPT:
- blood vessels.
- blood and body fluids.
- cerebrospinal fluid.
- the heart.

CSF

2

Which blood vessel returns blood from the lungs to the left atrium?

pulmonary vein

3

When an adult patient quickly loses approximately 20% of his or her circulating blood volume, the patient's blood pressure will:

decrease

4

A(n) _________ bleed will be characterized as bright red and spurting.

arterial bleed

5

When treating a patient with a venous bleed on the forearm, your first step would be to:

take personal protection

6

The following are all indications for applying the pneumatic antishock garment (PASG) EXCEPT:
- control of massive soft-tissue bleeding in the lower extremities.
- control of internal bleeding associated with pelvic fractures.
- control of massive bleeding in a pregnant woman.
- stabilize fractures of the pelvis and femurs.

- control of massive bleeding in a pregnant woman.

7

When bleeding will not stop, the last resort is to apply:

a tourniquet

8

After taking standard precautions, the first step in treating a patient suffering from epistaxis is to:

help the patient sit forward

9

What is the most common sign of internal bleeding?

pain

10

Which of the following is another name for a bruise?

ecchymosis

11

Which of the following situations does not exhibit significant bleeding?
- The bleeding is associated with a significant mechanism of injury.
- The patient has a poor general appearance.
- It is venous bleeding.
- The EMT cannot control the bleeding.

it is venous bleeding

12

Which of the following terms means that the patient is vomiting blood?

hematemesis

13

Place the following methods for controlling bleeding in the order in which they should be utilized: 1. Direct pressure and elevation 2. Tourniquet 3. Pressure dressing and/or splint.

1, 3, 2