Chapter 29: Orthopaedic Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 29: Orthopaedic Deck (15):
1

Which of the following is not a type of muscle found in the body?

joint

2

Approximately how many bones are in the human body?

206

3

A _________ is any break in the bone surface.

fracture

4

A _________ fracture is a fracture where the bones are broken in more than two fragments.

comminuted

5

When ligaments are torn or stretched, it is called a:

sprain

6

When the EMT encounters a probable fracture, what should be assessed below the injury?

pulse, sensation, and motor skill

7

When a rigid splint is in use, the EMT should apply _________ to the splint to prevent local pressure and discomfort.

padding

8

What type of splint should the EMT use when dealing with a broken femur?

hare traction

9

How should the EMT take care of a dislocated shoulder?

Pad between the arm and the chest and sling the arm

10

When splinting a hip fracture, what should the EMT apply between the patient's legs?

a pad

11

_________ is a grating or grinding sensation that can be felt and sometimes heard when fractured bone ends rub together.

crepitus

12

Orthopaedic injuries can lead to complications, including:
- infection.
- long-term disability.
- all of the above

- all of the above.

13

What is the first step in caring for an open fracture?

control bleeding

14

What is the first step when applying a Hare traction splint?

expose the injured extremity

15

Which of the following is not a contraindication to the use of the pneumatic antishock garment (PASG)?
- pregnancy
- groin injury
- pelvis fracture
- pulmonary edema

- pelvis fracture