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Flashcards in CPR Deck (27):
1

"Early CPR" represents which step in the chain of surivival?

second

2

The automated external defibrillator (AED) can be used in children over ________ of age.

1 month

3

Which of the following statements regarding the use of the AED is true?
a. The AED cannot be used on a patient with a pacemaker.
b. A wet patient should be dried off before applying the AED.
c. AED electrodes can be placed over medication patches.
d. The AED should be placed on all patients experiencing chest pain.

b. A wet patient should be dried off before applying the AED.

4

After determining that a patient is unresponsive, your next step should be to:

quickly scan the chest for signs of breathing

5

When providing mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-mask ventilations to a patient, the air you exhale contains approximately what percentage of oxygen?

.16

6

With an unresponsive adult patient, you should feel for a pulse for at least 5 seconds at the ________ artery.

carotid

7

When providing chest compressions on an adult patient, you should compress the chest approximately ________ inches.

2

8

You should provide chest compressions to an adult patient at a rate of at least ________ per minute.

100

9

Which of the following respiratory problems can lead to cardiopulmonary arrest in children?
a. injury
b. infection
c. choking
d. all of the above

d. all of the above

10

What is the proper ratio of chest compressions to breaths when performing one-rescuer infant CPR?

30:2

11

When performing CPR on a child, after how many minutes should the AED be applied

2

12

12: In which of the following scenarios is the EMT not permitted to discontinue CPR?
a. when the patient starts breathing and has a pulse
b. when the EMT is too tired to continue
c. when the patient's power of attorney instructs the EMT to stop
d. when the EMT transfers care of the patient to someone with training equal to or greater than his or her own

c. when the patient's power of attorney instructs the EMT to stop

13

most common cause of cardiac arrest in
adults
pediatrics

adults = clots
pediatrics = hypoxia

14

1. early access
2. early CPR
3. rapid defibrilation
4. effective ALS
5. integrated post-cardiac arrest care

5 links in the adult chain of survival

15

1. prevention of arrest
2. early high quality bystander CPR
3. rapid activation of EMS
4. effective ALS
5. integrated post cardiac-arrest care

5 links in the pediatric chain of survival

16

start compressions within _____

10 seconds

17

compression rate

100 per min

18

allow for ____ between compressions

full chest recoil

19

depth of compressions for
adults and children
infants

adults and children = 2 in
infants = 1.5 in

20

1 cycle of compressions and ventilations should take

2 min

21

2 rhythms AED reads

vfib (no pulse)
vtach (so fast that there is no cardiac output)

22

if there is an advanced airway present use _____ compressions and ventilate every ____

use ASYNCHRONOUS compressions and ventilate every 6-8 sec

23

check a ____ pulse on an unconscious patient

carotid

24

check pulse for ___ sec

5-10

25

child ratios:
single rescuer
dual rescuer

single rescuer: 30-2
dual rescuer: 15-2

26

infant ratios:
single rescuer
dual rescuer

single rescuer: 30-2
dual rescuer: 15-2

27

on infants you check the ___ pulse

brachial