Chapter 2 - New Stone Age Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - New Stone Age Deck (10):
0

What were mattocks used for and who used them?

Neolithic farmers used mattocks to turn up soil for planting crops.

1

What were tools made from?

Tools were made from polished stones, which was stronger and sharper.

2

What were used to cut down trees for room to grow crops?

Stone axes were used to cut down trees.

3

What crops did they grow?

They grew wheat and barley.

4

What did they make clothes from?

They made clothes from animal skin and sheep's wool, which they dyed with plants.

5

What does 'settler' mean?

A 'settler' is someone who lives in one area for their entire life.

6

What were their houses made from?

Their houses were made from wattle and daub. Wattle is saplings stuck in the ground, with sticks woven through them. Daub is a mixture is mud and straw, which was plastered on the wattle to keep the rain out. The roof was made from straw or rushes.

7

Name three neolithic tombs.

The Dolmen, which consisted of three stones covered by another stone called a capstone, Court Cairn, which had a burial tomb with two rooms, and a Passage Grave, which had a burial chamber with a long passageway. Passage graves had a corbelled roof.

8

What were put in the graves?

Grave goods such as food and clay pots were put in the graves.

9

What is a quern?

A queen is a small stone, used to grind grain on a larger stone.