Chapter 14 - Europe After WW1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 - Europe After WW1 Deck (7)
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1

When was Treaty of Versailles signed?

28th of June 1919, in the Hall of Mirrors, Versailles.

2

What were the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles?

-Sign a 'War Guilt' clause admitting to starting the war
-Pay reparations of £6600 mil
-Alsace-Lorraine returned to France
-Land to Poland for a coastline. 1/10 population living abroad
-Army reduced to 100,000 men.
-Rhineland became demilitarised (between Fra, Ger & Bel)

3

What was wrong with the Treaty of Versailles?

-Defeated countries did not attend ("dictated peace" - Hitler
-Russia not invited
-Germans resented 'War Guilt'. Did not believe it was just them.
-New countries e.g. Poland, had many races etc. => Problems
-Italy was promised gains (Treaty of London). Did not receive them

4

What was the League of Nations?

An organisation set up by President Wilson (USA) after WW1 to keep the peace.

5

What is Fascism?

A political movement threat emerged in Europe during the interwar years. Fascists believed in a dictatorship and extreme nationalism. They were anti-communist. Private ownership

6

What is Communism?

A political system that believes the wealth of a country should be held in the hands of the state for the common good of the people. No private ownership

7

How did Stalin rule?

-Iron fist
-Secret Police = KGB
-Prison Camps = Gulags