Chapter 12 - Agricultural Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Agricultural Revolution Deck (6)
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1

How was enclosure improved?

-Open farming caused problems as disease was easily spread
-To fix this, the Enclosure Acts were enforced
-Farmers had to fence of their land
-Prevented disease spreading and wandering animals

2

How was machinery improved?

-Jethro Tullis invented the seed drill; sowed seeds deep in the soil to avoid birds eating them
-Cyrus McCormick invented the mechanical reaper; made harvesting easier

3

How was livestock improved?

-Robert Bakewell developed 'Selective Breeding'
-Chose best animals to breed
-Animals were bigger and stronger
-Eventually meat was cheaper

4

How was the three-field-system improved?

Viscount Charles Townshend developed the four-field system, by planting turnips and clover in fields instead of allowing them to fallow. They rotated every year, and it increased the amount of food in Britain.

5

What are the results of the agricultural revolution?

-Food became cheaper
-Cheap food lead to an increase in population
-People moved from rural to urban cities in search of jobs
-Towns expanded and became cities

6

How was the three-field-system improved?

Viscount Charles Townshend developed the four-field system, by planting turnips and clover in fields instead of allowing them to fallow. They rotated every year, and it increased the amount of food in Britain.