Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Agricultural Revolution Deck (6)
How was enclosure improved?
-Open farming caused problems as disease was easily spread
-To fix this, the Enclosure Acts were enforced
-Farmers had to fence of their land
-Prevented disease spreading and wandering animals
How was machinery improved?
-Jethro Tullis invented the seed drill; sowed seeds deep in the soil to avoid birds eating them
-Cyrus McCormick invented the mechanical reaper; made harvesting easier
How was livestock improved?
-Robert Bakewell developed 'Selective Breeding'
-Chose best animals to breed
-Animals were bigger and stronger
-Eventually meat was cheaper
How was the three-field-system improved?
Viscount Charles Townshend developed the four-field system, by planting turnips and clover in fields instead of allowing them to fallow. They rotated every year, and it increased the amount of food in Britain.
What are the results of the agricultural revolution?
-Food became cheaper
-Cheap food lead to an increase in population
-People moved from rural to urban cities in search of jobs
-Towns expanded and became cities