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Flashcards in Chapters 9 And 10 Test Deck (48)
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1

The idea that american women had special responsibility to cultivate civic virtue in their children

Republican motherhood

2

A type of special assembly originally developed in Massachusetts for drawing up fundamental law that would be superior to ordinary law

Constitutional convention

3

The first constitutional government of the United States

Articles of confederation

4

The territory north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River that came to be governed by the confederations acts of 1785 and 1787

Old northwest

5

In the Northwest Territories six mile by six mile square areas consisting of thirty six sections one of which was set aside for public schools

Townships

6

The status of western area under the northwest ordinance after it established an organized government but before it became a state

Territory

7

The large state plan proposed by the constitutional convention representation both houses of federal legislature would be based on population

Virginias population

8

The small state plan proposed to the constitutional convention by which every state would have completely equal representation in a unicameral legislature

New Jersey plan

9

The constitutional compromise between north and south that resulted in each slave being counted as 60 percent of a free person for purposes of representation on congress

Three fifths compromise

10

The official under the new constitution who would be commander in chief of the armed forces appoint judges and other officials and have the power to veto legislation

President

11

A list of guarantees that federalists promised to add the constitution in order to win ratification

Bill of rights

12

Society of Cincinnati

An exclusive order of military officers that aroused strong democratic opposition

13

Virginia statute for religious freedom

Legislation passed by alliance of Jefferson and the baptists that disestablished the Anglican Church

14

Articles of confederation

Original american governmental charter of 1781 that was put out of business by the constitution

15

Northwest ordinance of 1787

Legislation that provided for the orderly transformation of western territories to states

16

Benjamin Franklin

Revered older statement whose prestige in the constitutional convention helped facilitate the great compromise

17

Daniel shays

Revolutionary war veteran who led poor farmers in a revolt that failed but had far reaching consequences

18

George Washington

Unanimously elected chairman of the secret convention of demigods

19

James Madison

Father of the constitution and author of the federalist no. 10

20

Federalists

Wealthy conservatives devoted to republicanism who engineered a nonviolent political transformation

21

New name for Anglican Church after it was disestablished and deanglicanized in Virginia and elsewhere

Protestant episcopal church

22

Patrick Henry

Virginia antifederalist leader who thought the constitution spelled the end of liberty and equality

23

Alexander Hamilton

Young New Yorker who argued eloquently for the constitution even though he favored an even stronger central government

24

John jay

Frustrated foreign affairs secretary under the articles, one of the three authors of the federalist

25

Samuel Adams

Leading Massachusetts radical during american rev who led the opposition to the const in his state in 1787

26

Put in order:

1. Fifty five Demi God secretly meet in Philadelphia to drafts new charter of government
2. The first american national government , more a league of states than a real government into effect
3. At the request of congress , the states draft new constitutions based on the authority of people
4. The constitution is ratified by the nine states necessary to put into effect
5. Debtor farmers fail into rebellion, setting off conservative fears and demand for a stronger government to control anarchy

4
1
3
5
2

27

Forced acceptance of the three fifths compromise counting each slave as three fifths of a person for purposes of representation

The north south conflict in the constitutional convention over counting slaves for representation

28

Made the federalists promise to add a bill of rights to constitution

Antifederalist fears of const would destroy liberties

29

Nearly bankrupted the national government and invited assaults on american interests by foreign powers

The weakness of the articles of confederation

30

Laid the basis for the Virginia statute for religious freedom and the separation of powers

The disestablishment of the Anglican Church