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Flashcards in Chapters 9 And 10 Test Deck (48)
1

The idea that american women had special responsibility to cultivate civic virtue in their children

Republican motherhood

2

A type of special assembly originally developed in Massachusetts for drawing up fundamental law that would be superior to ordinary law

Constitutional convention

3

The first constitutional government of the United States

Articles of confederation

4

The territory north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River that came to be governed by the confederations acts of 1785 and 1787

Old northwest

5

In the Northwest Territories six mile by six mile square areas consisting of thirty six sections one of which was set aside for public schools

Townships

6

The status of western area under the northwest ordinance after it established an organized government but before it became a state

Territory

7

The large state plan proposed by the constitutional convention representation both houses of federal legislature would be based on population

Virginias population

8

The small state plan proposed to the constitutional convention by which every state would have completely equal representation in a unicameral legislature

New Jersey plan

9

The constitutional compromise between north and south that resulted in each slave being counted as 60 percent of a free person for purposes of representation on congress

Three fifths compromise

10

The official under the new constitution who would be commander in chief of the armed forces appoint judges and other officials and have the power to veto legislation

President

11

A list of guarantees that federalists promised to add the constitution in order to win ratification

Bill of rights

12

Society of Cincinnati

An exclusive order of military officers that aroused strong democratic opposition

13

Virginia statute for religious freedom

Legislation passed by alliance of Jefferson and the baptists that disestablished the Anglican Church

14

Articles of confederation

Original american governmental charter of 1781 that was put out of business by the constitution

15

Northwest ordinance of 1787

Legislation that provided for the orderly transformation of western territories to states

16

Benjamin Franklin

Revered older statement whose prestige in the constitutional convention helped facilitate the great compromise

17

Daniel shays

Revolutionary war veteran who led poor farmers in a revolt that failed but had far reaching consequences

18

George Washington

Unanimously elected chairman of the secret convention of demigods

19

James Madison

Father of the constitution and author of the federalist no. 10

20

Federalists

Wealthy conservatives devoted to republicanism who engineered a nonviolent political transformation

21

New name for Anglican Church after it was disestablished and deanglicanized in Virginia and elsewhere

Protestant episcopal church

22

Patrick Henry

Virginia antifederalist leader who thought the constitution spelled the end of liberty and equality

23

Alexander Hamilton

Young New Yorker who argued eloquently for the constitution even though he favored an even stronger central government

24

John jay

Frustrated foreign affairs secretary under the articles, one of the three authors of the federalist

25

Samuel Adams

Leading Massachusetts radical during american rev who led the opposition to the const in his state in 1787

26

Put in order:

1. Fifty five Demi God secretly meet in Philadelphia to drafts new charter of government
2. The first american national government , more a league of states than a real government into effect
3. At the request of congress , the states draft new constitutions based on the authority of people
4. The constitution is ratified by the nine states necessary to put into effect
5. Debtor farmers fail into rebellion, setting off conservative fears and demand for a stronger government to control anarchy

4
1
3
5
2

27

Forced acceptance of the three fifths compromise counting each slave as three fifths of a person for purposes of representation

The north south conflict in the constitutional convention over counting slaves for representation

28

Made the federalists promise to add a bill of rights to constitution

Antifederalist fears of const would destroy liberties

29

Nearly bankrupted the national government and invited assaults on american interests by foreign powers

The weakness of the articles of confederation

30

Laid the basis for the Virginia statute for religious freedom and the separation of powers

The disestablishment of the Anglican Church

31

Brought about somewhat greater social and economic equality and the virtual end to slavery in the north

The American Revolution

32

Finally brought New York to ratify the constitution by a narrow margin

The federalist and fears that New York would be left out of the Union

33

Issued a call to congress for a special convention to revise the articles of confederation

A meeting in Annapolis to discuss revising the articles of conferderation

34

Forced the adoption of the great compromise which required a bicameral legislature with two different bases of representation

The conflict in the constitutional convention between large and small states

35

Scared conservatives and made them determined to strengthen the central government against debtors

Shays rebellion

36

Made possible the approval of the articles of confederation and the passage of two important laws governing western lands

Agreement among states to give up western land claims

37

The cabinet office in Washington's administration headed by a brilliant young West Indian immigrant who distrusted the people

Treasury

38

Hamiltonian policy of having the federal government pay the financial obligations of the states

Assumption

39

Political organizations, not envisioned in the constitution, and considered dangerous to national unity by most of the founders

Political parties

40

Political and social upheaval supported by most Americans during its moderate beginnings in 1789, but the cause of the bitter divisions after it took a radical turn in 1792

French Revolution

41

Declaration by president Washington in 1793 that announced Americas policy with respect to the French Revolutionary wars between Britain and France

Neutrality proclamation 1793

42

Treaty following Miami Indians defeat in the battle of fallen timbers that ceded Ohio to the United States but gave Indians limited sovereignty

Treaty if Greenville

43

Scandal in which three french agents attempted to bribe U.S. diplomats outraging the American public and causing the undeclared war with France

XYZ affair

44

Law passed by the federalists during the undeclared french war that made it a criminal offense to critisize or defame government officials , including the president

Sedition acts

45

The peace treaty courageously signed by president John Adams that ended the undeclared war with France as well as the official french american alliance

Convention of 1800

46

The doctrine, proclaimed the thomas Jeffersons Kentucky resolution that's state can block s federal law it considers unconstitional

Nullification

47

Thomas Jefferson

Washingtons Secretary of State and the organizer of a political party opposed to Hamiltons policies

48

James m

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