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Flashcards in Federalism Quiz Deck (80)
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1

Federalism

2 or more govts share power over some constituents (whoever govt represents)

2

What are the 3 govt systems that result from power sharing arrangements between central and local governments

Unitary, federal, confederate

3

Unitary system

The central govt is superior to local govt and is the governing unit

4

Federal system

The central govt and local government share power, neither controls the other entirely

5

Confederate system

Local govts are superior to and control the central govt

6

Central government holds - authority and - in unitary govts

Primary, regulates the states activities

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State govt holds - or - power
Duties are regulated by - -

In unitary

Little or no, central government

8

Citizens vote for -- officials in unitary govts

Central government

9

- powers to coordinate --

Confederate govt

National govt

Limited, state activities

10

Who rules in confederate state govt?
Some duties are - to central govt.

People (sovereign)
Allocated

11

Citizens - for -- in confederate govt

Vote for state officials

12

- state - national govt can - or - the other

Neither, nor, control or change the other

13

In federal govt central govt - power with -

Shares power with states

14

State govt - power with - in federal govts

Shares power with central govt

15

In federal govt, citizens - for both- and -

Vote for both state and national government officials

16

State govts are - systems

Unitary

17

National govt is

Federal

18

Unitary govts are most -, confederate govts are least -

Centralized

19

Most nations of the world are

Unitary systems

20

Federal systems are - and mostly in the -

Rarer, mostly in Western Hemisphere (Americas)

21

Confederate systems are - (who has one?)

Almost nonexistent, Switzerland has one but they are small

22

Federal system: protects -, but less - than unitary, protects -

Rights, less efficient, protects minority rights

23

How does federalism help protect minority rights? (2)

Decentralizes (divides) power
Decentralizes election process (never vote as nationwide majority)

Breaks up electorate (voters) keeps a nationwide majority from voting as a block

24

National government powers

Delegated powers

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State government powers

Reserve

26

What established state reserved powers

10th amendment

27

What's layer cake federalism

Dual federalism

28

How long was dual federalism held?

Great Depression of the 1930s

29

What's marble cake federalism

Fiscal federalism or cooperative federalism

30

Delegates powers are also called

Exclusive powers