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Flashcards in Nationalism Test Deck (84)
0

What is nationalism

Love and devotion to ones own culture and people

1

What is the criteria of a nation state

A nation with its own shared culture and ethnicity ruled by that nationality

2

What European nations were nation states by 1815

France, Britain, Prussia , Russia (maybe)

3

Explain the origin of nationalism

It originated in France because of foreign invasions during the french revolutions

4

Explain the spread of nationalism in the early 1800s

Spread throughout Europe as France occupies other nations during nap. Wars

5

What are three ways nationalism can cause change

Unification separation, and nation building

6

What is unification

Creation of a nation state by combining separate political states of the same nationality and culture

7

What is an example of unification

Italy and Germany

8

What is separation

Creation of a nation state by people of the same culture and nationality breaking away from a multicultural political unit

9

What is an example of separation

Greeks in the Ottoman Empire, french speaking Canadians

10

What is nation building

Culturally distinct groups form into a new state by accepting a single culture

11

What is an example of nation (state) building

The United States, turkey

12

What was the congress of vienna's purpose

The meeting of leaders of the major nations of Europe discuss politics after the final defeat of napoleon

13

What was the congress of vienna's goals

Restore Europe to its pre revolution/napoleon conditions
Prevent future wars and revolutions in Europe
Combat the tide of rising nationalism and liberalism spreading throughout Europe

14

Who attended the congress of Vienna

Austra- Metternich (prime minister), leader of congress
Russia- Alexander 1 (czar)
Prussia- Hardenburg (pm)
Britain- castlereagh (pm)
France- tallegrand (pm)

15

What were the agreements made at the congress of Vienna

Redraw map of Europe, weaken France, created a system of alliances between the great powers, restore the legitimate rulers to nations invaded by napoleon,

16

What was the purpose of the Holy Alliance

To aid each other in the event of revolutions in order to maintain monarchies (divine rt)

17

Who were the members of the Holy Alliance

Russia, Prussia, Austria

18

What was the purpose of the concert of Europe (quadruple alliance)

To prevent trouble with France

19

Who were the members of the quadruple alliance

Britain, Prussia, Austria, Russia

20

What were the beliefs of a conservative

Wanted to protect traditional monarchies of Europe

21

What were the goals of conservative

Wanted things the way they were before nationalism

22

What social group was conservative

Wealthy property owners and nobility

23

What were the beliefs of a liberal

Believed educated and landowners should vote

24

What was the goal of a liberal

Wanted to give more power to elected parliaments

25

What was the liberal social group

Middle class business leaders and merchants

26

What was the belief of a radical

Governments should practice the ideals of the French Revolution. (Liberty, equality, brotherhood )

27

What was the goal of a radical

To extend democracy to all people

28

What social group was radical

Poor people, sans culottes

29

What were the three major euro empires most threatened by nationalism, why

Austria (diverse), ottoman (diverse), Russia (wanted to industrialize, was diverse), possibly France because of wars

30

Describe Latin America in terms of languages and geography

Map, spoke Spanish, spoke french in Haiti

31

What are (describe ) the 5 main social classes in Latin a in the 1800s

Peninsulas ( euro born), Creoles ( pure span, born in amer, ), mestizo ( mixed euro and Indian).
Mulattos ( euro, Africa ) Indians and African American

32

Who was the leader of in the rev in Haiti

Toussaint l'overture

33

What social class was the leader of Haiti

Slave

34

What euro nation was overthrown in haitis rev

France

35

Who was the leader of the rev in southern s amer

Jose San Martin

36

What social class was the leader of s south amer

Creole

37

What euro nation was overthrown in s south amer rev

Spain

38

Who was the leader of the rev in n south amer

Bolivar

39

What social class was the leader of n south amer

Creole

40

What euro nation was overthrown in n south amer rev

Spain

41

Who was the leader of Brazils rev

Dom Pedro

42

What social class was the leader of Brazils rev

Prince

43

What euro nation was overthrown in Brazils rev

Portugal

44

Who were the leaders of mexicos rev

Father hidalgo, Jose Morelos, iturbide,

45

What social class were the leaders in mex rev

Hidalgo (mestizo) , Morelos (mestizo), iturbide ( creole)

46

What euro nation was overthrown in mex rev

Spain

47

Why didn't dem take hold in Latin amer

Creoles took control (1 rich powerful class replaces another), caudilles took control as dictators (military men), people in la never had experience with democ

48

What was the purpose and importance of the Monroe doctrine

Purpose: fear euro nations would attempt to re establish colonies in amer, amer believed it should be dominant player in west hemisphere
Importance: us gave itself lead role as protector of west hemisphere

49

What are the three major movements causing change in 1800s

Nationalism, liberalism, industrialization

50

Whats industrialization

Growth of industry in nation, economy, modernizing

51

What radical changes were accomplished in the french revolutions in 1830

Middle class (and nobles ) allowed to vote for a new legislature (chamber of deputies)
King forced to share more power with legislature

52

What were political changes in french rev in 1830

Bourbon overthrown
Louis Philippe king (moderate/liberal)

53

What were radical and political changes in french rev in 1848

Louis Philippe overthrown
Monarchy replaced by radical democ (universal make suffrage, 2nd republic, soon replaced by limited suffrage)
Louis napoleon Bonaparte elected president

54

Compare and contrast french rev with the other rev at the time

France successful others not, both have some liberal cause

55

What changes were made in british govt because of the reform act of 1832

Suffrage to almost all middle class males
2 industrial cities given representation in parl.
Demonstrated Britain can make changes peacefully

56

What was the cause and results of the Crimean war

Started by Russia to take ottomans Black Sea lands (warm water port/access to med sea)
Russia lost
Demonstrated Russia's lack of modernization
Ended quad alliance

57

What was the importance of czar Nicholas 1, Alexander 2, and Alexander 3

Nicholas lost Crimean war, alex 2 ended serfdom and was assassinated, alex 3 rolled back liberal reforms, and started a major industrialization program

58

What is realpolitik

Foreign policy of using diplomacy and war in order to gain nationalistic goals

59

What are examples of realpolitik

Bismarck with Austria and southern Italy with Sardinia

60

What was the unifying kingdom of Italy

Sardinia

61

What realpolitik methods did Italy use

S Italy and Sardinia

62

Who were the leaders of Italy's unification

Emmanuel, Cavour, garibaldi

63

What was the unifying kingdom of Germany

Prussia

64

What realpolitik methods did Germany use

Used Austria to help in the beginning

65

Who were the leaders of Germany's unification

Bismark, wilhelm

66

What were the results of the Franco Prussian war in Germany

Gained control of provinces Alsace and Lorraine from France
France pays 5 billion francs in war reparations

67

What were the results of the Franco Prussian war in France

Much of eastern and central France destroyed
French economy weakened
Lois napoleon overthrown in 1875 (replaced by unstable govt)
French people develop a nationalistic hatred toward Germany and visa versa

68

What was the order of top nations in euro after unification

1. Britain
2. Prussia (Germany)
3. Russia
4. France
5. Spain
6.austria

69

What is manifest destiny

Belief that it was americans destiny to gain control of all of North America from ocean to ocean, nation building, nationalism

70

How did manifest destiny affect us in early 1800s

Mistreatment of native Americans

71

Study territorial gains in 1800s and where their from

On chart

72

Whats sectionalism

Division and conflict between regions of a nation (usually due to economic differences)

73

How did new territories cause sectionalism in us during mid 1800s

Each thought the west should either have slaves or not, fought over govt of west

74

What was the economy and political goals of the north

Diverse economy (farms and industry), felt const. Established union once and for all

75

What was the economy and political goals of the south

Based on cash crops , believed states freely joined union (so they could freely leave)

76

What was the underlying cause of the civil war

South felt they could freely leave union and had slaves, north didn't

77

What was the immediate cause of the civil war

Lincoln's election causes southern states to secede
Lincoln opposed spread of slavery into western territories
If slavery could not expand , slave states would be outnumbered in congress and would lose power

78

What were the results of the civil war

South defeated and placed under military occupation (reconstruction )
The union (nation ) preserved
Much of south destroyed
Lots of Americans died
Demand for war goods cause rapid industrialization and urbanization

79

Whats the 13th amendment

Abolished slavery

80

Whats the 14th amendment

Granted newly freed slaves citizenship and equal rts

81

Whats the 15th amendment

Forbid states from using race as a restriction to vote (guanteed all black male suffrage)

82

What were the major changes in us in the late 1800s

Immigration (rapid population growth), industrialization, railroads( connect vast new territory and markets, transcontinental railroad links east with west coast and Asian ports)

83

What are Jim Crow laws, what are their results, whats poll taxes

Segregation laws restricting African Americans , separate black and white society
Taxes on voting and literacy tests trying to keep African Americans from voting