Unit 3b Test Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3b Test Deck (75)
1

Main difference between interest group and party?

Parties run candidates, interest groups influence political process

2

- percent of Americans belong to interest groups

75%

3

Most Americans belong to - interest groups

3

4

# of interest groups have - since 1970s

Mushroomed

5

Americans - to be interest group members

Most likely

6

Interest groups have the right to spend money -, what act?

Unlimited, citizens United case

7

PACs may contribute - to campaigns, but may also --

Directly, campaign separately

8

PACs are - source of revenue for most campaigns

Main

9

PACs have to follow ---, but can spend ---

Campaign contribution limits, unlimited amounts campaigning

10

Both PACs and 527s represent - interests and policies

Narrow

11

Both PACs and 527s may --(--)for campaigns, but can't ---

Run ads, (issue ads, coordinate with campaigns

12

527s are --, -- organizations

Tax exempt, nonprofit

13

527s (do not, or do) contribute directly to campaigns

Do not

14

527s have -- FEC regulation

Very little

15

527s have - legal campaigning limits

No

16

What are economic interest groups? (4)

Professional groups, labor unions, agricultural groups, business groups

17

Professional groups are composed of people from -

Professional occupations

18

Economic interest groups are most concerned with - (3)

Wages, prices, profits

19

Labor unions are - in power. They are involved in --

Declining, grassroots electioneering

20

Agricultural groups are most worried about -

Prices

21

What are right to work laws?

Open shop, people don't have to join Union, causes free rider problem, closed shop (everyone required to be in Union) is illegal

22

Largest number of interest groups are - (over -%)

Business groups, over 50%

23

Largest business group

Chamber of commerce of US

24

What are consumer and public interests (3)?

Consumer interests, environmental interests, govt reform interests

25

What are consumer and public interests most concerned with?

Collective goods, free rider problem, foundation grants I

26

What are equality and justice interests?
What do they mainly use?

Equal rights groups, litigation

27

What are examples of equal rights groups?

NAACP, NOW

28

Collective goods:

Something of value automatically enjoyed by everyone, can't be without

29

Free rider problem:

Individual may receive benefits of a good without contributing to cost

30

Types of interest group based on membership?

Institutional interest groups, individual interest groups

31

Institutional interest group examples: (3)

Chamber of commerce of us
National league of cities
National council of education

32

Americans citizens - likely to join - or - interest groups than other democs (political participation)

More likely, political or religious interest groups

33

Electioneering

Actively taking part in campaigns either through grassroots electioneering or through PAC donations

34

Examples of individual interest groups: (5)

AFL-CIO
NAACP
NOW (national organization for women)
Christian coalition
Sierra club

35

Union with closed shop:

Workplace where employees must join unions within specified period if Union has been approved by workers

36

Right to work laws are desired by - to - unions

Businesses, weaken

37

Paid lobbyists are used by - interest groups, but most effective for -- groups

All, institutional interest groups

38

Surprisingly, lobbyists -- bc they are - in a - field

Write legislation, experts in a little field

39

-- are lobbyists successful in changing opinions of policy makers, only good at - opinions of lawmakers who already ---

Very rarely, reinforcing, already agree with them

40

What are the strategies of interest groups? (4) and what branches do they appeal to?

Lobbying (leg and ex), electioneering (leg and ex), litigation (courts), appealing to public (leg and executive)

41

Lobbying appeals - to policy makers

Directly

42

Grassroots campaign work (part of -)

Camp to ppl for candidates, electioneering

43

By giving donations you can get -

Access

44

#1 method

Helping finance campaigns

45

Going public

Working to influence public opinion

46

Class action lawsuit:

Combining several different cases into one to demonstrate stronger case

47

Amicus curiae briefs

Legal argument in lawsuit submitted on behalf of litigant from supporters of case

48

Ratings game:

Grading public officials based on how well they supported the interest groups goals of publicizing results

49

How do interest groups raise money? (4)

Membership dues, philanthropic foundation grants, fed grants and projects, direct mail campaigning

50

- is #1 way of getting money for institutional groups

Membership dues

51

- is important for public interest groups

Philanthropic foundation grants l

52

- is used for public projects of interest groups and was reduced by - administration

Fed grants and projects, Reagan administration

53

What's #1 method of raising money for most groups?

Direct mail campaigning

54

Print media is - as of 2004

#2

55

Print media users are --

Most informed

56

Watchdog function of press

Idea that we depend on press to keep an eye on government

57

Media is strongest of all -- in agenda setting

Linkage institutions

58

What's a filibuster

Stalling a bill with unlimited speech, Senators only

59

Staying on message

Effort by party leaders or administrative officials to repeat the planned same message at every opportunity

60

Coined phrasing

Research to find words or phrases that are most successful to public

61

Gatekeeper role

Agenda setting, even when story is not reported it affects agenda

62

Main roles of media (3)

Gatekeeper role, scorekeepers role, watchdog role

63

The bully pulpit:

President can make speeches covered by media to advance agenda

64

Media replaces - in teen years

Parents

65

- media is regulated much heavier than --

Broadcast media, print media

66

Prior restraint

Govt cannot stop news story before it is published, however can punish afterwards if criminal

67

Telecommunications act of 1996

Broadcast companies can only own 1 radio station and 1 TV station in each local market, can own as many stations nationally as they desire

68

Fairness doctrine

Required broadcasters to give time to opposing views if they broadcast a program giving one side of a controversial issue

69

Communications decency act

(Telecommunications act 1996), illegal to transmit "indecent materials"

70

- percent of campaign budget

Campaign advertising

71

Pres has - organization to regulate Media, -- regulates it

White House pres corps, press secretary

72

First pres to use mass media was - with -

FDR, fireside chats

73

Pres relationship with pres more -, less -

Confrontational, cordial

74

4th branch of government

Media

75

Even though opportunities for political information have - through electronic media, the public is --

Increased, less informed