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Flashcards in Unit 3b Test Deck (75)
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1

Main difference between interest group and party?

Parties run candidates, interest groups influence political process

2

- percent of Americans belong to interest groups

75%

3

Most Americans belong to - interest groups

3

4

# of interest groups have - since 1970s

Mushroomed

5

Americans - to be interest group members

Most likely

6

Interest groups have the right to spend money -, what act?

Unlimited, citizens United case

7

PACs may contribute - to campaigns, but may also --

Directly, campaign separately

8

PACs are - source of revenue for most campaigns

Main

9

PACs have to follow ---, but can spend ---

Campaign contribution limits, unlimited amounts campaigning

10

Both PACs and 527s represent - interests and policies

Narrow

11

Both PACs and 527s may --(--)for campaigns, but can't ---

Run ads, (issue ads, coordinate with campaigns

12

527s are --, -- organizations

Tax exempt, nonprofit

13

527s (do not, or do) contribute directly to campaigns

Do not

14

527s have -- FEC regulation

Very little

15

527s have - legal campaigning limits

No

16

What are economic interest groups? (4)

Professional groups, labor unions, agricultural groups, business groups

17

Professional groups are composed of people from -

Professional occupations

18

Economic interest groups are most concerned with - (3)

Wages, prices, profits

19

Labor unions are - in power. They are involved in --

Declining, grassroots electioneering

20

Agricultural groups are most worried about -

Prices

21

What are right to work laws?

Open shop, people don't have to join Union, causes free rider problem, closed shop (everyone required to be in Union) is illegal

22

Largest number of interest groups are - (over -%)

Business groups, over 50%

23

Largest business group

Chamber of commerce of US

24

What are consumer and public interests (3)?

Consumer interests, environmental interests, govt reform interests

25

What are consumer and public interests most concerned with?

Collective goods, free rider problem, foundation grants I

26

What are equality and justice interests?
What do they mainly use?

Equal rights groups, litigation

27

What are examples of equal rights groups?

NAACP, NOW

28

Collective goods:

Something of value automatically enjoyed by everyone, can't be without

29

Free rider problem:

Individual may receive benefits of a good without contributing to cost

30

Types of interest group based on membership?

Institutional interest groups, individual interest groups