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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Test Deck (53)
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1

Why was the defeat of the Spanish Armada important

It helped ensure England's naval dominance in the Atlantic

2

What two groups were eager to join colonization ventures

Farmers driven off their lands by enclosure, and disinherited younger sons of the upper class gentry

3

What was the primary purpose of the joint stock Virginia Company?

To charter a settlement in the new world (wanted to find gold and find passage to America through indies) , intended to last only a few years and then be liquidated for profit

4

What was the survival rate for settlers at Jamestown

Less than 20 percent

5

Why was the Maryland colony founded?

Establish religious refuge for Catholics and for profit

6

Where did South Carolina have ties?

British West Indies

7

Where did the slave codes in North America come from

Barbados slave code from West Indies sugar plantations

8

What was the principal export crop in South Carolina?

Rice after experimentation

9

South Carolina prospered partly by selling in the West Indies?

Indian slaves

10

What colony, compared to Virginia and South Carolina, was more democratic and individualistic in social outlook

North Carolina

11

What did all the southern colonies come to rely on for their economic prosperity

Staple crop plantation agriculture

12

After the succession of who, did england become Protestant

Queen Elizabeth 1

13

Where were England's first two Native American colonies launched in

Newfoundland and North Carolina

14

English's attitude toward natives in new world came from their attitude towards ppl from

Ireland

15

England's victory over the Spanish Armada gave it what?

Naval dominance of the Atlantic Ocean and a vibrant sense of nationalism

16

What was england like at the time of its first colonization efforts?

Enjoying a period of social and economic stability

17

Who were many of the early Puritan settlers of America

Displaced farmers from eastern and western England

18

Who saved England's first colony, Jamestown, and how?

John smith leadership, John Rolfe introduction of tobacco

19

Representative govt was introduced to the Americas in the colony of

Virginia

20

What was one important difference between Virginia and Maryland?

Virginia was founded as a strictly economic venture, Maryland was intended to partly secure religious freedom for persecuted Roman Catholics

21

When was the act of toleration passed

1649

22

What did the act of toleration provide freedom for

Religion for Protestants and Catholics

23

What was the main reason no new colonies were founded in 1634-1670?

Civil war in England

24

Early conflicts between eng settlers and Ind near Jamestown laid the basis for the

Forced separation of ind in the separate territories of the reservation system

25

After the defeat of what ind by North Carolinians in 1711-1715 did what happen

Tuscarora and yamasee , there were almost no ind left east of the Mississippi River

26

Most of the early white settlers in North Carolina were

Religious dissenters and poor whites fleeing aristocratic Virginia

27

The high minded philanthropists who founded the Georgia colony were especially interested in the cause of

Prison reform

28

Island colony founded by sir Walter Raleigh that mysteriously disappeared in 1580s

Roanoke

29

Naval invaders defeated by english sea dogs in 1588

Spain "invincible armada"

30

Who founded Roanoke

Sir Walter Raleigh