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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Test Deck (53)
1

Why was the defeat of the Spanish Armada important

It helped ensure England's naval dominance in the Atlantic

2

What two groups were eager to join colonization ventures

Farmers driven off their lands by enclosure, and disinherited younger sons of the upper class gentry

3

What was the primary purpose of the joint stock Virginia Company?

To charter a settlement in the new world (wanted to find gold and find passage to America through indies) , intended to last only a few years and then be liquidated for profit

4

What was the survival rate for settlers at Jamestown

Less than 20 percent

5

Why was the Maryland colony founded?

Establish religious refuge for Catholics and for profit

6

Where did South Carolina have ties?

British West Indies

7

Where did the slave codes in North America come from

Barbados slave code from West Indies sugar plantations

8

What was the principal export crop in South Carolina?

Rice after experimentation

9

South Carolina prospered partly by selling in the West Indies?

Indian slaves

10

What colony, compared to Virginia and South Carolina, was more democratic and individualistic in social outlook

North Carolina

11

What did all the southern colonies come to rely on for their economic prosperity

Staple crop plantation agriculture

12

After the succession of who, did england become Protestant

Queen Elizabeth 1

13

Where were England's first two Native American colonies launched in

Newfoundland and North Carolina

14

English's attitude toward natives in new world came from their attitude towards ppl from

Ireland

15

England's victory over the Spanish Armada gave it what?

Naval dominance of the Atlantic Ocean and a vibrant sense of nationalism

16

What was england like at the time of its first colonization efforts?

Enjoying a period of social and economic stability

17

Who were many of the early Puritan settlers of America

Displaced farmers from eastern and western England

18

Who saved England's first colony, Jamestown, and how?

John smith leadership, John Rolfe introduction of tobacco

19

Representative govt was introduced to the Americas in the colony of

Virginia

20

What was one important difference between Virginia and Maryland?

Virginia was founded as a strictly economic venture, Maryland was intended to partly secure religious freedom for persecuted Roman Catholics

21

When was the act of toleration passed

1649

22

What did the act of toleration provide freedom for

Religion for Protestants and Catholics

23

What was the main reason no new colonies were founded in 1634-1670?

Civil war in England

24

Early conflicts between eng settlers and Ind near Jamestown laid the basis for the

Forced separation of ind in the separate territories of the reservation system

25

After the defeat of what ind by North Carolinians in 1711-1715 did what happen

Tuscarora and yamasee , there were almost no ind left east of the Mississippi River

26

Most of the early white settlers in North Carolina were

Religious dissenters and poor whites fleeing aristocratic Virginia

27

The high minded philanthropists who founded the Georgia colony were especially interested in the cause of

Prison reform

28

Island colony founded by sir Walter Raleigh that mysteriously disappeared in 1580s

Roanoke

29

Naval invaders defeated by english sea dogs in 1588

Spain "invincible armada"

30

Who founded Roanoke

Sir Walter Raleigh

31

Forerunner of the modern corporation that enabled investors to pool financial capital and commercial ventures

Joint stock company

32

Two wars fought in 1614 and 1644 between the english in Jamestown and nearby Indian leader

1st and 2nd Anglo Powhatan war

33

When was the Barbados slave code adopted by South Carolina

1696

34

Assembly that first allowed local representative self govt for eng settlers in North America

House of burgesses

35

Penniless people obligated to engage in unpaid labor for a fixed number of years, usually in exchange for right of passage to new world or other benefits

Indentured servants

36

Poor farmers who occupied land in North Carolina and elsewhere , raised crops without gaining legal title to the soil

Squatters

37

Spain's North American colony from which spanish intruders periodically threatened end settlers in Georgia and the Caroline's

Florida

38

Primary staple crop of Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina

Tobacco

39

Melting pot town in colonial Georgia

Savannah

40

Who were Elizabethan courtiers who failed in their attempts to found new world colonies

Walter Raleigh and Humphrey Gilbert

41

Who was lord le la warr

Harsh military governor of Virginia who employed irish tactics against the Indians

42

Who was John Wesley

British founder of Methodist church who served for a time as a missionary in colonial Georgia

43

What was Georgia originally founded for

Debtors by philanthropists

44

Who was james Oglethorpe

Philanthropic soldier statesman who founded the Georgia colony

45

Look at the putting things in order thing

Yay!

46

What led many younger sons of the gentry to seek their fortunes in exploration and colonization

English law of primogeniture

47

What led to two Anglo Powhatan wars that virtually exterminated Virginians Indian population

Lord de la wars use of brutal irish tactics in Virginia

48

What became the legal basis for slavery in North America

Barbados slave code

49

John smiths stern leadership in Virginia led to

Gold hungry colonists working and saving them from total starvation

50

The eng settlers near destruction of small ind tribes

Contributed to the formation of powerful ind coalitions like the Iroquois and algonquians

51

The flight of poor farmers and religious dissenters from planter run Virginia

Led to founding of independent minded North Carolina

52

Georgia's unhealthy climate, restrictions on slavery, and vulnerability to Spanish attacks

Kept the buffer colony poor and largely unpopulated for a long time

53

What shaped England's politics and foreign policy in the 16th century

It's religious rivalry with catholic spain