Flashcards in Chapter 2 Test Deck (53)
Why was the defeat of the Spanish Armada important
It helped ensure England's naval dominance in the Atlantic
What two groups were eager to join colonization ventures
Farmers driven off their lands by enclosure, and disinherited younger sons of the upper class gentry
What was the primary purpose of the joint stock Virginia Company?
To charter a settlement in the new world (wanted to find gold and find passage to America through indies) , intended to last only a few years and then be liquidated for profit
What was the survival rate for settlers at Jamestown
Less than 20 percent
Why was the Maryland colony founded?
Establish religious refuge for Catholics and for profit
Where did South Carolina have ties?
British West Indies
Where did the slave codes in North America come from
Barbados slave code from West Indies sugar plantations
What was the principal export crop in South Carolina?
Rice after experimentation
South Carolina prospered partly by selling in the West Indies?
What colony, compared to Virginia and South Carolina, was more democratic and individualistic in social outlook
What did all the southern colonies come to rely on for their economic prosperity
Staple crop plantation agriculture
After the succession of who, did england become Protestant
Queen Elizabeth 1
Where were England's first two Native American colonies launched in
Newfoundland and North Carolina
English's attitude toward natives in new world came from their attitude towards ppl from
England's victory over the Spanish Armada gave it what?
Naval dominance of the Atlantic Ocean and a vibrant sense of nationalism
What was england like at the time of its first colonization efforts?
Enjoying a period of social and economic stability
Who were many of the early Puritan settlers of America
Displaced farmers from eastern and western England
Who saved England's first colony, Jamestown, and how?
John smith leadership, John Rolfe introduction of tobacco
Representative govt was introduced to the Americas in the colony of
What was one important difference between Virginia and Maryland?
Virginia was founded as a strictly economic venture, Maryland was intended to partly secure religious freedom for persecuted Roman Catholics
When was the act of toleration passed
What did the act of toleration provide freedom for
Religion for Protestants and Catholics
What was the main reason no new colonies were founded in 1634-1670?
Civil war in England
Early conflicts between eng settlers and Ind near Jamestown laid the basis for the
Forced separation of ind in the separate territories of the reservation system
After the defeat of what ind by North Carolinians in 1711-1715 did what happen
Tuscarora and yamasee , there were almost no ind left east of the Mississippi River
Most of the early white settlers in North Carolina were
Religious dissenters and poor whites fleeing aristocratic Virginia
The high minded philanthropists who founded the Georgia colony were especially interested in the cause of
Island colony founded by sir Walter Raleigh that mysteriously disappeared in 1580s
Naval invaders defeated by english sea dogs in 1588
Spain "invincible armada"