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Flashcards in Chapter 23 Test Deck (109)
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1

The scandals of the grant administration included bribes and corrupt dealings reaching to the cabinet and Vice President of the us

True

2

The liberal republican movements political skill enabled it to clean up the corruption of the grant administration

F

3

The severe economic downturn of the 1870s caused business failures, labor conflict, and battles over currency

T

4

The close, fiercely contested elections of the guilded age reflected the deep divisions between republicans and democrats over national issues

F

5

The battles between the stalwart and halfbreed republican factions were mainly over who would get patronage and spoils

T

6

The disputed Hayes Tilden election was settled by a political deal in which democrats got the president and republicans got economic and political concessions

F

7

The compromise of 1877 purchased political peace between north and south by sacrificing southern blacks and removing federal troops in the south

T

8

The sharecropping and tenant farming systems forced many southern blacks into permanent economic debt and dependency

T

9

Ulysses s grants status as a military hero enabled him to become a successful president who stood above partisan politics

False

10

Western hostility to Chinese immigrants arose in part because the Chinese provided a source of cheap labor that competed with white workers

T

11

By reducing politicians use of patronage, the new civil service system inadvertently made them more dependent on big campaign contributors

T

12

The Cleveland Blaine campaign of 1884 was conducted primarily as a debate about the issues of taxes and the tariff

F

13

The Republican Party, in the post civil war era, relied heavily on the political support of veterans' groups, to which it gave substantial pension benefits in return

T

14

The populist party's attempt to form a coalition of farmers and workers failed partly because of the racial division between poor whites and blacks in the south

T

15

President clevelands deal to save the gold standard by borrowing 65 million from JP Morgan enhanced his popularity among both democrats and populists

F

16

Financiers Jim Fisk and Jay Gould involved the grant administration in a corrupt scheme to

Corner the gold market

17

Boss Tweeds widespread corruption was brought to a halt by

The journalistic exposés of the New York Times and cartoonist Thomas Nast

18

The credit mobilier scandal involved

Railroad corruption fraud and the subsequent bribery of congressmen to cover it up

19

Grants greatest failing in the scandals that plagued his administration was his

Toleration of corruption and his loyalty to crooked friends

20

The depression of the 1870s led to increasing demands for

Inflation of the money supply by issuing more paper or silver currency

21

The political system of the guided age was generally characterized by

Strong party loyalties, high voter turnout, and few disagreements on national issues

22

The primary goal for which all factions in both political parties contended during the guilded age was

Patronage

23

The key trade off featured in the compromise of 1877 was that

Republicans got the presidency in exchange for the final removal of federal troops from the south

24

What were the changes that affected African Americans in the south after federal troops were withdrawn in the compromise of 1877

The imposition of literacy requirements and poll taxes to prevent black voting, the development of the tenant farming and share cropping systems, the introduction of legal systems of racial segregation, the rise of mob lynching as means of suppressing blacks who challenged the racial system

25

The supreme courts ruling in plessy v Ferguson upholding "separate but equal" public facilities in effect legalized

The system of unequal segregation between the races

26

The great railroad strike of 1877 revealed the

Growing threat of class warfare in response to the economic depression of the mid 1870s

27

The final result of the widespread anti Chinese agitation in the west was

A congressional law to prohibit any further Chinese immigration

28

President James Garfield was assassinated by

A mentally unstable disappointed office seeker

29

In its first years, the populist party advocated, among other things

Free silver, a graduated income tax, and government ownership of railroads, telegraph, and telephone

30

Grover Cleveland stirred a furious storm of protest when, in response to the extreme financial crisis of the 1890s, he

Borrowed 65 million dollars from JP Morgan and other bankers in order to save the monetary gold standard