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Flashcards in Congress Test Deck (108)
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1

The framers intended congress to be - of the three branches

Most powerful

2

Why did framers want congress to be the most powerful branch (2)

1. Most directly represented the will of the people
2. Free of a powerful presidency (gave it many checks over the president)

3

20th century: president -

Gained power at the expense of congress

4

House was - elected

Directly

5

How many year terms in house, senate?

2 in house, 6 in senate

6

The house has - representation

Proportional

7

(Framers intent in house) voting as -, -

Delegates, direct voices/rep people

8

What are the formal qualifications in house (age, how many years citizen, where to live)

25, 7 years, resident of district

9

Senate was originally chosen by -

State legislatures

10

(Framers intent for senate), voting as -, -

Trustees, make decisions based on what is best for nation as a whole

11

Formal qualifications for senate (age, how many years citizens, where to live)

30 yrs, 9 years, resident of state

12

Both houses have generally - to - incumbency election rates

70-90 percent

13

Incumbency rates higher in -

House

14

Reasons for high incumbency rates (9)

1. Access to media
2. Campaign finance
3. Constituency service
4. Experience (known competency factor)
5. Redistricting (house only)
6. Pork barrel spending
7. Name recognition
8. Franking privilege
9. The "sophomore surge"

15

Constituency service is also called

Case work

16

Redistricting is in - only

House

17

Sophomore surge

Increase in votes that congressmen (house of rep) usually receive when running for their first reelection

18

Pork barrel spending

Govt spending from localized projects secured solely or primarily to bring money to reps district

19

Franking privilege

Priv of sending mail without payment of postage enjoyed by congressmen (can't be used for campaign purposes)

20

Where are powers listed in const

Art 1 sec 8

21

What grants implied powers, what court case

"Necessary and proper clause", McCulloch v Maryland

22

Judicial review over state laws case

Marlbury v Madison

23

Power to create courts

Congress, executive branch

24

What fraction vote to approve treaties, who does this?

2/3, senate

25

What's the advice and consent power (2), what fraction vote

Approve treaties (2/3) and appointments (majority)

26

What's senatorial courtesy?

Custom, not law
President must consult the senators of his political party of a given state before nominating any person to a federal vacancy within that senators state, only federal offices that have jurisdictions within a state

27

What are denied powers of congress? (5)

1. No suspension of the writ of habeas corpus (can't hold anybody without trial)
2. No bills of attainer (congress can pass no law that punishes a person for a crime without trial)
3. No expose facto law (makes something illegal after it was and someone did it)
4. No titles of nobility
5. No taxation of exports

28

How many representatives in the house? Formal or informal?

435, informal

29

What's reapportionment?

The act of redistributing these house reps every 10 years

30

Who does reapportionment?

Census bureau in the dept of commerce