Flashcards in Crime and the media Deck (25):
What is non fiction coverage?
news reporting etc. Real life crime described through newspapers, magazines and Tv news reports etc.
Who came up with the dramatic fallacy and the age fallacy?
What is the dramatic fallacy?
the idea that the media overplay extraordinary crimes
what is the age fallacy?
the idea that the media tends to focus on older victims
What is the additivity hypothesis?
The more news values that a story covers, the more likely it is to be reported in the media
who came up the additivity hypothesis?
Galtung & Ruge
What are news values?
the criteria by which journalists decide whether a story is newsworthy enough to make it into a newspaper etc.
What are the seven news values that journalists look at?
higher status people
novelty or unexpectedness
Who came up with the 'law of opposites'?
What is the 'law of opposites'?
The idea that fictional representations of crime and victims are the opposite to the official statistics but very similar to news coverage
What is fictional representation of crime?
What we learn about crime through Tv, films, books etc.
What are examples of new media (in relation to crime)?
revenge porn, identity theft etc.
what is copycat crime?
when someone listens to music or plays video games etc. that prompts them to commit crime
what is desensitisation?
when young people see violence as normal and a good problem solving device
what is the disinhibition effect?
when young people think that normal discussion and negotiation can be replaced with violence
what is the hypodermic syringe model?
the idea that we are strongly influenced by what we see in the media
what is a moral panic?
and exaggerated or irrational over-reaction by society to a perceived problem
what is a folk devil?
a person or group who is a threat t society's values
what is exaggeration and distortion?
media exaggerates the numbers involved in a crime and the extent of the violence
who identified four categories of cyber crime?
What are the four categories of cyber crime?
cyber deception and theft
what is cyber trespassing?
illegally crossing into someone else's cyber space
what is cyber deception and theft?
stealing someones identify through the internet, illegally downloading music and films
what is cyber pornography?
illegal porn found online